International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Trends of interpersonal physical violence and predictors for injury severity, among adult populations in Qena Egypt: An incidence case study

Sameh S. Zaytoun1, Raouf M. Afifi2*, Ashraf E. Saad3, Majed Al Harthi4 and Faris S. Almalki5

1Community Medicine and Public Health Department, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
2Community Health Research Dept., International Management-Health Services, Indianapolis, USA
3Department of Statistics and Information, Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
4Academic Affairs, King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5Medical Department, King Faisal Hospital, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

*Corresponding Author Email: raoufafifi(at)

Sameh S. Zaytoun

Raouf M. Afifi

Ashraf E. Saad

Majed Al Harthi

Faris S. Almalki

Article Number: irjpeh.20.004  |   Pages: 21-29  |   Vol. 7 (2), March-April 2020   |   DOI:

 Received: December 13, 2019  Accepted: February 27, 2020  Published: March 21, 2020


The Study focuses on the incidence, severity and correlates of interpersonal physical violence (IPV) injuries among adult in Qena residents, Upper Egypt. Incident cases of IPV victimization attending emergency service of Qena University Hospital (QUH), between July 2016-December 2018, were examined. Among 523 IPV cases studied, those 18-29 years old accounted 273 (52.2%); male 483(92.3%), single 351(67.1%); and 215(41.1%) were employed. Only 34/374(9.1%) had mental illness and 70/385(18.2%) used substance. Most [267(51.0%)] injuries were induced by hand, stick [138(26.4%)] or knife [72(13.7%), p<0.001]. Assaults were triggered either over financial matters [80(15.3%)], revenge [62(11.9%)], in a street fight/motor vehicle accidents [59(11.3%)], at the workplace [50(9.6%)] or under alcohol intoxication [45(8.6%)]. Subjects <29 sustained severer injuries than older peers [126/273(46.2%), p<0.001]. Revenge victimization also associated severer injury more frequently [33/62(53.2%), p=0.12]. Psychiatrically-ill subjects sustained severe injuries more frequently than milder injuries [19/34(55.9%), p = 0.025]. Knife-induced injuries were also severer than other injury methods [43/72(60.0%), p<0.001]. Physical assault may still stand as an important behavioral phenomenon in Qena, which needs investment in prevention.


Physical violence, interpersonal, predictors, Qena, Egypt

How to Cite this Article

Zaytoun SS, Afifi RM, Saad AE, Al Harthi M, Almalki FS(2020).Trends of interpersonal physical violence and predictors for injury severity, among adult populations in Qena Egypt: An incidence case study.Int. Res. J. Public Environ. Health.7 (2):21-29.

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