International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health






Search for Articles on Google by:
Ogbonna Collins Nwabuko
Uwa Onwuchekwa
Okechukwu Iheji



Search for Related Articles:
On Google
On Google Scholar




Original Research Article

Socio-demographic overview of adult sickle cell disease in Abia State, Nigeria from a hospital-based study: The BSCDNGA project

Ogbonna Collins Nwabuko*1,2,3, Uwa Onwuchekwa4 and Okechukwu Iheji5


1Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.
2Department of Haematology, College of Health Science, Abia State University, Aba Campus, Abia State, Nigeria.
3Department of Public Health Sciences, Walden University, Baltimore, USA.
4Department of Internal Medicine, College of Health Science, Abia State University, Aba Campus, Abia State, Nigeria.
5Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Umuahia.

*Corresponding Author Email: ogbollins2002(at)yahoo.com, ogbonna.nwabuko(at)waldenu.edu

Tel +234 80 3704 6537

Ogbonna Collins Nwabuko

Uwa Onwuchekwa

Okechukwu Iheji


Article Number: irjpeh.21.009  |   Pages: 66-73  |   Vol. 8 (2), March 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.009

 Received: September 23, 2020  Accepted: December 29, 2020  Published: February 10, 2021

Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenic red blood cell disorder of public health importance globally, with a high prevalence in Africa. Accurate estimation of population affected by the disease is necessary to guide efficient and prudent management of patients and resources. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of adult SCD patients in Nigeria and how such measures could be used to improve their health indices. This was a cross-sectional study of 60 registered adult SCD diagnosed at haematology clinic, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia from 2010 to 2017. Demographic and relevant data were obtained from patients’ case notes and interviewer-structured questionnaires at presentation and follow-up clinic visitations (FUV). The participants ranged from 18-52 years with equal Male-Female ratio from the three geo-political zones of Abia state. Umuahia North LGA recorded the highest participation (26.70%). Majority (56.7%) were dependents while 43.3% were employed. About 56.7% had tertiary level of education while 8.9% had primary education. The mean age of diagnosis was 10.2 years. All the patients were initially diagnosed by haemoglobin electrophoresis method. Forty percent (24) was confirmed using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The mean duration of FUV was 24.7 months (0-71 months). A 96.7% irregular FUV was recorded. The socio-demographic picture depicts a huge burden in the care of people living with SCD in the region. The government and other donor agencies must scale-up the awareness campaign and other measures that will alleviate cost of SCD management. A state of the art special center designated for SCD care in each of the three senatorial zones of Abia state is strongly recommended.

Keywords:

Socio-demographic characteristics, adult sickle cell disease, follow-up visitation, Nigeria

How to Cite this Article

Nwabuko OC, Onwuchekwa U, Iheji O(2021). Socio-demographic overview of adult sickle cell disease in Abia State, Nigeria from a hospital-based study: The BSCDNGA project. Int. Res. J. Public Environ. Health 8(2):66-73.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


Select Language »