International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Role of health promotion in cancer control in Cameroon and its utilization by the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP), strategy from 2004 – 2019

Suh Nchang Abenwie1,3*, Marie-José Essi1,3, Vanina Doris Edo’o1,3, Jim Nemy Hervé1,3 and Paul Ndom2,4


1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1.
3Research Laboratory on Medical Anthropology and Social Medicine.
4National Cancer Control Program, Cameroon.

*Corresponding Author Email: snabenwie(at)gmail.com

Tel:(+237)677 8057 89

Suh Nchang Abenwie

Marie-José Essi

Vanina Doris Edo'o

Jim Nemy Hervé

Paul Ndom


Article Number: 10.15739/irjpeh.21.001  |   Pages: 1-7  |   Vol. 8 (1), January 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.001

 Received: September 15, 2020  Accepted: November 23, 2020  Published: January 9, 2021

Abstract

Health education promotion and prevention offer the most cost-effective and long-term strategy for the control of cancer at household level. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that NCCPs should establish bases for prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases as priority actions in Low and Medium income countries (LMICs). This study assessed the level of attention given to health education and promotion approaches in the NCCP in Cameroon for a period of fifteen years. A retrospective design on health policy analysis was conducted at the NCCP in Yaoundé-Cameroon, from November 15, 2018 to June 30, 2019, using documentary research. Minimal consideration is given to both Health education and Promotion approaches among other strategies for cancer control in Cameroon and more than 90% of health promotion approaches are not applied in cancer control by the NCCP. While most interventions and subventions of the NCCP are focused on curatives services including diagnoses and treatment (surgeries and anti-cancer drugs), Screening and awareness campaigns for the general public are sporadic and uncoordinated, and even organized only on special days. Considering the socio-economic status, the epidemiologic context, and the limited ability of Cameroon to meet the challenge in terms of cancer services, there is an urgent need to prioritize Health education and Promotion approaches in the NCCP, review diagnostic and treatment processes in place to integrate advanced methods at a subsidiary level, in order to significantly reduce the current and future burden of cancer and empower communities for sustainability of health programs in the country.

Keywords:

Health education, Health promotion, position, NCCP, cancer control, Cameroon, empowerments, sustainability of program.

How to Cite this Article

Abenwie SN, Essi MJ, Edo’o VD, Hervé JN, Ndom P (2021). Role of health promotion in cancer control in Cameroon and its utilization by the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP), strategy from 2004 – 2019. Int. Res. J. Public and Environ. Health 8(1):1-7.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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