International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Quality assessment of some alcohol-based hand sanitizers circulating in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria

Adigwe Obi1, Judith John2, Christianah Isimi2, Simisola Oloye2, 3, Godspower Onavbavba1, and Martins Emeje2,3*


1DG’S Office, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Abuja, Nigeria.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Raw Materials Development, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Abuja, Nigeria;
3Centre for Nanomedicine and Biophysical Drug Delivery, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Abuja, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author Email martinsemeje(at)yahoo.com

Tel.:+2348037035738

Adigwe Obi

Judith John

Christianah Isimi

Simisola Oloye

Godspower Onavbavba

Martins Emeje


Article Number: irjpeh.22.009  |   Pages: 75-80  |   Vol.9 (2), April 2022   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.22.009

 Received: March 1, 2022  Accepted: April 5, 2022  Published: April 15, 2022

Abstract

The emergence of corona virus disease caused by SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) and the subsequent recommendation by the World Health Organization (WHO) on the use of non-pharmaceutical measures led to an upsurge in the production and sale of hand sanitizers across the globe including Nigeria. The present study examined fifty samples of hand sanitizers bought from Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria. They were evaluated for quality using the following parameters; packaging, labeling, registration with Nigeria’s Food and Drug Administration (NAFDAC), pH, and the alcohol content. Results show that 40 % of the circulating hand sanitizers in the market did not go through regulatory vetting, 34 % of the products did not have information on the country of manufacture, 32 % of the sanitizers had pH values within acceptable range, while 78 % of the products contained less than 60 % alcohol. This study gives an insight into the quality of alcohol-based hand sanitizers and we suggest an urgent need for the regulatory authorities of developing countries to enhance their surveillance and control of these substandard products in the society.

Keywords:

Covid-19, hand sanitizer, quality assessment, substandard products

How to Cite this Article

Obi A, John J, Isimi C, Oloye S, Onavbavba G, Emeje M (2022). Quality assessment of some alcohol-based hand sanitizers circulating in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health Vol.9(2):75-80.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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