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Entsar Owaid Alanazi
Ahmed Ismail Ali Badawi Amer



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Original Research Article

Prevalence of depression among type-2 diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Entsar Owaid Alanazi1* and Ahmed Ismail Ali Badawi Amer2


1Residant of family medicine, Salhia Awsat primary health care center, Arar, KSA
2Consultant of family medicine, Salhia Awsat primary health care center, Arar, KSA

*Corresponding Author E-mail: entsaralsultani@gmail.com

Entsar Owaid Alanazi

Ahmed Ismail Ali Badawi Amer


Article Number: irjpeh.21.013  |   Pages: 98-108  |   Vol. 8 (2), March 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.013

 Received: December 29, 2020  Accepted: February 5, 2021  Published: February 10, 2021

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a major metabolic disease. Depression is always linked to diabetes. The studey objective is to estimate the prevalence of depression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to compare the prevalence of depression in different diagnostic tools and regions of Saudi Arabia. Data extraction was designed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies have been accessed through; PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO, and the Science Web. Statistical analyzes were carried out using a random-effects model using the STATA version 16 software. The pooled prevalence was shown in forest plots. A total of 24 studies with 7326 participants were included and the overall pooled prevalence of depression among patients with T2DM in Saudi Arabia was 38.06% (95%CI; 30.84-45.28). In accordance with subgroup analysis, the Western region and the central region recorded the highest prevalence of depression with 44.29% (95%CI; 33.65-54.93) and 36.81 % (95%CI; 6.95-66.66), respectively. PHQ-9 was almost used by our included studies and estimated an overall pooled prevalence of 36.28% (95%CI; 22.93-49.63). The analysis demonstrated a high prevalence of comorbid depression among patients with T2DM in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, further investigations and health education by healthcare providers are required.

Keywords:

Diabetes mellitus, depression, health education, Saudi Arabia

How to Cite this Article

Alanazi EO, Amer AIAB (2021). Prevalence of depression among type-2 diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 8(2):98-108.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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