International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Perceived impact of racism in Greek nurses according to emotional intelligence and parental rearing styles

Maria Daratsianou*1, Panagiotis Prezerakos1, Manos Spyridakis2, and Foteini Tzavella1

1School of Health Sciences, Nursing Department, University of the Peloponnese, Tripoli, Greece
2School of Social and Political Sciences, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese, Korinthos, Greece.

*Corresponding Author Email: marodaratsianou(at)


Maria Daratsianou

Panagiotis Prezerakos

Manos Spyridakis

Foteini Tzavella

Article Number: irjpeh.22.017  |   Pages: 136-147  |   Vol. 9 (5), November 2022   |   DOI:

 Received: July 26, 2022  Accepted: August 15, 2022  Published: December 5, 2022


Perceived impact of racism in Greek nursing staff may affect the health care provided in immigrants. The present study aimed to evaluate quantitatively the role of parental rearing practices and emotional intelligence (EI) in the perceived impact of racism among 2034 nurses across Greece. Three questionnaires: Perceived Impact of Racism (PIR), My memories of Upbringing (shortEMBU) and Trait EI Questionnaire-Short Form, were used. Descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were conducted on SPSS 22.0, significance was set at a p ≤ 0.05. Most participants were Greek, female, had a technical University education and an English degree, worked in hospitals outside of Attica and provided care to immigrants. Lower socio-economic status, insecure parental attachment and lower EI associated with perceiving racism as an Ingroup problem and/or denying, increasing the likelihood of implicit racism towards immigrants. On the contrary, more maternal attachment and higher EI, associate with perceiving racism as major problem, reflecting more empathy towards immigrants. Perceived impact of racism can affect social and racial attitudes in nurses and is associated with traits acquired at an early age. Identifying these mechanisms is an important step in bringing awareness of racial discrimination and its underlying characteristics in the healthcare setting.

Keywords: Perceived impact of racism in Greek nurses according to emotional intelligence and parental rearing styles

How to Cite this Article

Daratsianou M, Prezerakos P, Spyridakis M Tzavella F(2022). The perspectives of health professionals and patients on racism in healthcare: A qualitative systematic review. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 9 (5):136-14.

© 2022 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (, which allow unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

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