International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Microbial assessment of surfaces of canned drinks sold within Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria and its associated health implications

1*Ezelote Judith Chinelo, 1Asuzu Eleanor, 1Chukwu Martin-Remy, 1Obasi Chidera Chisom, 1Anyahuru Chinenye, 1Mbachu Joy Adaku, 2Ebere Ifejirika Ezeonyi and 1Oparah Prince Sokky


1Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
2Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Igbariam, Anambra State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: judithezelote(at)gmail.com

Ezelote Judith Chinelo

Asuzu Eleanor

Chukwu Martin-Remy

Obasi Chidera Chisom

Anyahuru Chinenye

Mbachu Joy Adaku

Ebere Ifejirika Ezeonyi

Oparah Prince Sokky


Article Number: irjpeh.22.010  |   Pages: 81-91  |   Vol. 9 (3), June 2022   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.22.010

 Received: January 21, 2022  Accepted: March 12, 2022  Published: June 28, 2022

Abstract

The qualitative assessment of microorganisms on the surfaces of canned drinks sold within FUTO environment and their health implications were evaluated in this study. A total of twenty canned drinks were collected from the refrigerator and the packs of the retailer’s shop. Standard microbiological methods were adopted using Gram staining, biochemical tests, and lactophenol cotton blue staining. Sterile Amies swab sticks, aseptically soaked with tryptone soya broth (Oxoid) were used to swab the upper surfaces of canned drinks which comes in direct contact with the mouth (with an approximate 10cm2 area). The canned drinks from the refrigerator showed total viable bacterial count which ranged from 2.0 ×101 CFU/10cm2 to 1.4×102 CFU/10cm2 while total fungal count ranged from 2.0× 10 1 CFU/10cm2 to 4.0 ×10 1 CFU/10cm2 were recorded. The canned drinks from the packs showed total viable bacterial count ranged from 2.0×10 1 CFU/10cm2 to 4.0 ×10 2 CFU/10cm2, total coliform count recorded ranged from 1.0×10 1 CFU/10cm2 to 4.0 ×10 1 CFU/10cm2, while total Staphylococci count ranged from 1.0× 101 CFU/10cm2 to 4.0 × 101 CFU/10cm2. Corynebacterium, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Klebsiella were resistant to Norfloxacin while Micrococcus species were resistant to chloramphenicol, Norfloxacin and streptomycin. Penicillium and Aspergillus species were resistant to both ketoconazole and fluconazole. The implications of antibiotic resistance on healthcare systems are enormous as resistance leads to the limitation of treatment options. This research demonstrated that no relationship exists between the physical appearance of canned drinks sold at FUTO and its microbial load.

Keywords:

Canned drinks, microbial contamination, health implications.

How to Cite this Article

Ezelote JC, Asuzu E, Chukwu M-R, Obasi CC, Anyahuru C, Mbachu JA, Ebere IE, Oparah PS(2022). Microbial assessment of surfaces of canned drinks sold within Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria and its associated health implications.Int. Res. J. Public Environ. Health. 9(3):81-91.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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