International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Epidemiology of some geriatric syndromes among Congolese inpatients: Case of the provincial and general hospital of Bukavu, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

John Kivukuto Mutendela*1,2, Urbain Maboko Mugosa3, Joséphine F. Selemani2 and Léon–Emmanuel M. Mubenga3,4,5


1Department of medicine, CH d’Hazebrouck, 59190 Hazebrouck, France.
2Volunteers Medical Team Association, Uvira (EMV), DR Congo.
3Faculty of Medicine UCB, Bukavu, DR Congo.
4Department of Surgery-HPGRB, Bukavu, DR Congo.
5Higher Institute of Medical Techniques of Bukavu (ISTM/Bukavu), Bukavu, DR Congo

*Corresponding Author Email: jooohn5(at)yahoo.com

Tel.:+33 3 28 42 6498

John Kivukuto Mutendela

Urbain Maboko Mugosa

Joséphine F. Selemani

Léon–Emmanuel M. Mubenga


Article Number: irjpeh.24.001  |   Pages: 1-7  |   Vol. 11 (1), January 2024   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.24.001

 Received: October 13, 2023  Accepted: November 13, 2023  Published: December 20, 2023

Abstract

This preliminary study aims to describe some epidemiological and clinical features of elderly patients (EPs) followed in one University hospital of Bukavu City, in The Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was a prospective and cross-sectional study that took place over two weeks in 2020. Socio-demographic, clinical, biological, therapeutic characteristics and outcomes data were analyzed by STATA software. The sample included 50 EPs aged 65 years and over. Their average age was 73.8 years with a sex ratio M:F of 1.77 (32/18). Main comorbidities were dominated by the high blood pressure (32%), diabetes mellitus (22%) and tumor pathology like benign prostatic hyperplasia (15%). Regarding the main geriatric syndromes found, we had weight loss (12%) and risk of malnutrition (52%). Also, 50% of EPs lived in houses that expose them to falls. But, EPs who received more drugs than 5 were not enormous and represent only 4%. Apart 3 predominant comorbidities that were observed, we found also cases of possible adult malnutrition and depressive syndrome as well as various abnormalities on the urine strips analysis including leukocyturia in 60%. So, among geriatric inpatients in Congolese context, at least, we suggest the screening of adult malnutrition and depressive syndrome.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Geriatric syndromes, Comorbidity, Bukavu City, DR Congo.

How to Cite this Article

Mutendela JK, Mugosa UM, Selemani JF Mubenga L–EM(2024). Epidemiology of some geriatric syndromes among Congolese inpatients: Case of the provincial and general hospital of Bukavu, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Int. Res. J. Public Environ. Health 11(1):1-7 .DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.24.001

© 2024 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which allow unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.


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