International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Environmental realities and health consequences for people living in the vicinity of an industrial plant : The case of the town of Bouake in 2019

Damus Paquin Kouassi1,2, Sory Ibrahim Soumahoro1,2,*, M’Begnan Coulibaly1, Salifou Yeo1, Arsene Deby Kouame1,2, Awa Madaho Sokodogo2, Arthur Guy Fiacre Elvis Serigbalet1, Nandjinh Beman Yeo4, Amadou Moumouni5, Gnissan Henri Auguste Yao1,2, Marc-Eric Ebouat2,3 and Issaka I Tiembre 6

1Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire
2Department of Public Health, Alassane Ouattara University, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire
3Medicine and Specialties, University Hospital of Bouaké, Bouake, Cote d’ivoire
4Medical Sciences Faculty, Alassane Ouattara University, Bouake, Cote d’ivoire
5Directorate of Immunizations Ministry of Public Health, Population and Social Affairs, Niamey, Niger
6Public Health, Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Abidjan, Cote d’ivoire

*Corresponding author Email : ssoryibrahim(at)

Damus Paquin Kouass

Sory Ibrahim Soumahoro

M’Begnan Coulibaly

Salifou Yeo

Arsene Deby Kouame

Awa Madaho Sokodogo

Arthur Guy Fiacre Elvis Serigbalet

Nandjinh Beman Yeo

Amadou Moumouni

Gnissan Henri Auguste Yao

Marc-Eric Ebouat

Issaka I Tiembre

Article Number: irjpeh.24.002  |   Pages: 8-17  |   Vol. 11(1), January 2024   |   DOI:

 Received: September 8, 2023  Accepted: November 13, 2023  Published: December 20, 2023


The relationship between environment and health is of extreme relevance in Public Health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 23% of all deaths globally are attributable to environmental factors, and several diseases could be avoided if we lived in healthier environments. Given the scarcity of literature on this topic in sub-Saharan Africa and the similarity of the health consequences of living in an environment polluted by industrial activities, we are conducting this study to sound the alarm on the health risks of living around industrial facilities. This was a cross-sectional study from 1 May to 1 July 2019. 423 people, who gave their verbal consent, were interviewed using an anonymous and structured questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed with Epi info7.2 and SPSS 17.0 software. The subjects interviewed were mainly women ((sex ratio = 0.75H / F), had a median age of 31 years. Lack of school instruction was found in 46.3% of respondents. They lived as a couple in 62.6% of cases. The median length of residence in the area was 5 years. The monthly income was at most 60000FCFA (less than 91.43 euros) in 87.7% of cases. The subjects did not have health insurance in 89.8% of cases. Respondents were not employed in the factory in 97.6% of cases. The factory existed before the development of 73.3% of the subjects in the residential area. The residents interviewed were concerned about the quality of the environment in 91.7% of cases. The subjects were aware of the risk incurred because of their place of habitation in 71.9% of cases. Smoke and bad odours were the most reported nuisances (33.3% and 29.4% of cases.). Breathing difficulties and eye irritation were the consequences of the most reported nuisances in 42.6% and 40.2% of cases respectively. It was concluded that man’s behaviour towards nature poses threats to his health. It is important to take these threats into account when making certain decisions.

Keywords: Factory-riparian populations-nuisances-risks-Bouaké

How to Cite this Article

Kouassi DP, Soumahoro SI, Coulibaly MB, Yeo S, Kouame AD, Sokodogo AM, Serigbalet AGFE, Yeo NB, Moumouni A, Yao GHA, Ebouat ME, Tiembre II(2024). Environmental realities and health consequences for people living in the vicinity of an industrial plant : The case of the town of Bouake in 2019.Int. Res. J. Public Environmental Health 11(1):8-17.DOI:

© 2024 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (, which allow unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

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