International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health






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Kurenai Takebayashi



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Original Research Article

Control experiment for health center users to compare the usage of hand sanitizers through nudges during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan

Masaki Takebayashi1*,and Kurenai Takebayashi2,3


1Graduate School of Aomori University of Health and Welfare, Aomori prefecture, Japan
2Kamitousan Public Health Center, Aomori prefecture, Japan
3Mutsu Public Health Center, Aomori prefecture, Japan.

*Corresponding Author Email: 1691001(at)ms.auhw.ac.jp

Masaki Takebayashi

Kurenai Takebayashi


Article Number: irjpeh.21.032  |   Pages: 299-303  |   Vol. 8 (6), November 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.032

 Received: September 13, 2021  Accepted: October 23, 2021  Published: November 22, 2021

Abstract

To assess the effectiveness of promoting hand hygiene by nudges, the control experiment was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. Hand sanitizers were placed at entrances of health centers A (nudge group) and B (non-nudges/reference group). The users of each group were approximately 40 daily. In the nudge group, during week 1, the conventional notice was displayed. From weeks 2 to 4, sequential nudges based on the framework “MINDSPACE” were implemented: drawing an arrow on the floor towards a hand sanitizer, posting altruism messages, and providing trends in hand sanitizer usage. From weeks 5 to 8, no additional interventions were implemented. Until week 4, usage in the nudge group increased steeply. Although the gap narrowed after week 5, usage in the nudge group (1.7 times of week 1 usage) was higher than that in the reference group (1.4 times of week 1 usage) at week 8. The nudges cost 0.9 USD and were prepared within 3 hours. The series of nudges can be implemented with low cost and minimal efforts, and the effect may last until week 8; these nudges will meet practitioners’ needs during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords:

COVID-19 prevention, hand sanitizer, nudge, MINDSPACE

How to Cite this Article

Takebayashi M, Takebayashi K (2021). Control experiment for health center users to compare the usage of hand sanitizers through nudges during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 8(6):299-303.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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