International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Comparison analysis of leaf and flower extraction of clove which have the potential as larvacida

Ratna Dian Kurniawati1,2, Martini Martini3, Nur Endah Wahyuningsih4, and Dwi Sutiningsih3


1Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bhakti Kencana University
2Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Indonesia.
3Epidemiology and Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Indonesia.

Corresponding Author Email: ratna.dian(at)bku.ac.id

Tel.+6281809903171

Ratna Dian Kurniawati

Martini Martini

Nur Endah Wahyuningsih

Dwi Sutiningsih


Article Number: irjpeh.22.014  |   Pages: 110-119  |   Vol. 9 (4), August 2022   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.22.014

 Received: June 6, 2022  Accepted: July 29, 2022  Published: August 8, 2022

Abstract

Efforts to control Dengue Fever both biologically, chemically and behaviourally continue to be pursued. One of the effects of chemical control is resistance to mosquitoes and environmental pollution. Alternative efforts by using larvicide from natural ingredients, one of which is derived from the clove plant. Cloves contain eugenol, saponins, flavonoids and tannins that can damage the nervous system of insects, interfere with food absorption and reduce digestive enzymes in insects. This study was to analyze the yield of clove flower and leaf extracts as an alternative to Ae. aegypti larvicides. This research is a laboratory experiment using a variety of methods and solvent variations. The results obtained were the yield of leaf extracts and flowers containing flavonoids, saponins, tannins which were the most larvicidal compounds found in leaves with a reflux process with Ethyl acetate solvent, which was 20.36%. The highest levels of flavonoids were found in the leaves through a reflux process with 96% Ethanol solvent levels of 29.53%. The highest levels of saponins were found in the leaves through the Soxhlet process with 96% ethanol as solvent, 9.92%. Clove flowers and leaves containing flavonoids and saponins can be used as an alternative as larvicide.

Keywords:

Larvicide, clove leaves and flowers, control of Ae. aegypti larvae, flavonoid, saponin

How to Cite this Article

Kurniawati RD, Martini M, Wahyuningsih NE, Sutiningsih D(2022). Comparison analysis of leaf and flower extraction of clove which have the potential as larvacida. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 9(4):110-120.

© 2022 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which allow unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.


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