International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Breast, cervix and colorectal cancer attitude, knowledge and practice among eligible female health care workers in Umm AL Quwain primary health care centres

Hanan Soliman1, Shaza Shaaban Zackaria*2 and Hiba Rabie Mohammed2


1Director of nursing (PHD. Pediatric Nursing) PHCC /U.A.Q. /MOHAP
2Family Physician in PHCC /U.A.Q. /MOHAP

Hanan Soliman

Shaza Shaaban Zackaria

Hiba Rabie Mohammed


Article Number: 10.15739/irjpeh.21.007  |   Pages: 48-56  |   Vol. 8 (1), January 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.007

 Received: November 4, 2020  Accepted: January 4, 2021  Published: January 9, 2021

Abstract

Cancer is identified as one of the most common problems in the UAE. Health care workers in primary health care centers (PHCC) are the basic providers of preventive care measures to patients. Breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening is part of the routine preventive programs adopted by the Ministry of health and prevention. To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices amongst female health workers in Umm al Quwain (UMM AL QUWAIN) PHCC on breast, cervical and colorectal cancer. A cross-sectional observational study was designed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of female healthcare workers in UMM AL QUWAIN PHCCs in September 2019. A total of 250 healthcare workers in all 4 PHCCs in UMM AL QUWAIN of which 105 are female healthcare workers. The study sample consisted of 50 eligible female health care workers. The categories of female healthcare workers included medical doctors, dentists, nurses, laboratory technicians, and pharmacists. Eligibility was determined according to the national screening criteria for cervical, breast and colorectal cancer, which are age above 40 years for breast cancer, and colorectal cancer, whereas for cervical cancer participant needs to be sexually active (married, divorced or widowed) and above 25 years old. The data was collected from questionnaires that were distributed routinely. The questionnaire was pretested to ensure its suitability to all participants. It was observed that 42.0% of female healthcare workers never practiced breast self-examination, 66.0% did not undergo a mammogram while 72.0% did not undergo Pap smear test since they did not think it was necessary. 84.8% of the participants did not know they are at risk of colorectal cancer. The majority had given correct answers to questions on breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer in the questionnaire. Female healthcare workers revealed adequate knowledge about breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. However, they need more information on cancer risk estimation. Establishing continuous education programs for female health care workers on breast, cervical and colorectal cancer, and the importance of screening tests could help in further enhancing their knowledge and eventually improving their practices.

Keywords:

Breast cancer – cervical cancer – colorectal cancer – cancer screening programs – knowledge.

How to Cite this Article

Soliman H, Zackaria SS, Mohammed HR(2021). Breast, cervix and colorectal cancer attitude, knowledge and practice among eligible female health care workers in Umm AL Quwain primary health care centres. Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 8(1):48-56.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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