International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health

Original Research Article

Bovine brucellosis seroprevalence and potential transmission risk to workers at the Port-Bouët abattoir, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Kaba Soufiana1, Acapovi-Yao Genevieve Lydie1, Dagnogo Komissiri2, Kallo Vessaly3, Sevidzem Silas Lendzele4* and Serge Bakou5


1UFR Biosciences, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
2District Autonome d’Abidjan, Abattoir et de l’hygiène alimentaire de Port-Bouët, Côte d’Ivoire
3Direction des Services Vétérinaires (DSV), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
4Laboratoire d’Ecologie Vectorielle (LEV), Department of Animal Biology, Institute of Research in Tropical Ecology, Libreville, Gabon
5UFR Sciences de la Nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

*Corresponding Author Email: sevidzem.lendze(at)gmail.com

Tel : +241 065417877

Kaba Soufiana

Acapovi-Yao Genevieve Lydie

Dagnogo Komissiri

Kallo Vessaly

Sevidzem Silas Lendzele

Serge Bakou


Article Number: irjpeh.21.029  |   Pages: 276-283  |   Vol. 8 (5), September 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.21.029

 Received: August 2, 2021  Accepted: September 13, 2021  Published: September 27, 2021

Abstract

Brucellosis is one of the most common bacterial zoonosis globally and is caused by Brucella species. This disease remains one of the neglected diseases, most especially in the developing countries where it represents a public health threat. A cross sectional study was conducted at the Port-Bouët abattoir to determine the seroprevalence and associated transmission risk factors. Three hundred and eighty-seven (387) cattle blood samples collected from January 5 to March 30 2019 were diagnosed using the Rose Bengal and indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (i-ELISA) techniques. Data was analyed using the JASP statistical software. The seroprevalence was 0.52% (95% CI: 0.06265-1.8542) for i-ELISA and Rose Bengal. The seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in the male and female cattle tested were 0.3% (95 CI: 0.00776-1.6617) and 1.85% (95% CI: 0.04687-9.8991) respectively for both the Rose Bengal and i-ELISA tests with no statistically significant difference (X2=2; df=1; p=0.157). Animals >3 years old had higher seroprevalence rate eventhough not statistically significant (X2=3; df=2; p=0.223). From the responses of abattoir workers, the regular exposure to slaughtered animals, poor personal hygiene and the negligence of use of personal protective materials were the main possible sources for the transmission of this zoonosis in the abattoir.This study provides baseline information to guide abattoir authorities in Abidjan to design strict biosecurity measures to mitigate the spread of brucellosis to abattoir workers.

Keywords:

Bovine brucellosis, risk factors, transmission, workers, Port-Bouët abattoir

How to Cite this Article

Soufiana K, Lydie AYG, Komissiri D, Vessaly K, Lendzele SS, Bakou S(2021).Bovine brucellosis seroprevalence and potential transmission risk to workers at the Port-Bouët abattoir, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.Int. Res. J. Pub. Environ. Health 8 (5):276-283.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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