International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review






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Elifelet Azaliwa



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Original Research Article

The effectiveness of reading medium to pupils with albinism: A comparative study between print and Braille medium use in inclusive Primary Schools in Tanga and Arusha Regions

Lucas Naiman*1 and Elifelet Azaliwa1


1School of Education, University of Arusha, Tanzania.

*Corresponding Author Email: naimanlucas472(at)gmail.com

Lucas Naiman

Elifelet Azaliwa


Article Number: IJEPRR.21.027  |   Pages: 236-248  |   Vol. 8 (6), November-December 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJEPRR.21.027

 Received: September 15, 2021  Accepted: October 20, 2021  Published: November 3, 2021

Abstract

The study sought to determine the effectiveness of reading medium to pupils with albinism by comparing Print and Braille medium use in inclusive primary schools in Tanga and Arusha Regions. This study used the embedded experimental design. Vision test (vision screening) and testing reading speed were used to collect information from respondents and data were analyzed using the t-test. Findings revealed that most of the pupils with albinism, who were given Braille, could be able to read normal print but they have been exposed early to Braille. Findings further indicated that visual acuity for those who were tested using print medium varied among them. Findings revealed that pupils using print media had the highest mean score (3.9583) which denotes a very high speed of reading for albinism pupils. Those who read through the Braille media by their eyes and not by touching had the mean score of (2.8500) which denotes high speed yet lower than that of the first group of pupils who read through the print medium. Findings further revealed that pupils who were accustomed to Braille reading but during the time of data analysis were given opportunity to read through the print media had the lowest mean score of (1.7000) which is in the category of low speed. The results has shown that, print reading medium could be the best alternative for pupils with albinism because pupils managed to read in the high speed in relation to Braille media which has very small details or raised dot compared to print Media. The study recommends that special attention must be given in assessing the needs of the student with albinism in relation to appropriate reading medium. It was recommended that print media could be the best alternative for pupils with albinism. All vision specialists including teachers teaching pupils with albinism should not expose pupils with albinism to read Braille before having common agreement on reading medium.

Keywords:

Reading medium, pupils with albinism, print and Braille medium, inclusive primary schools, Tanga, Arusha

How to Cite this Article

Naiman L, Azaliwa E(2021).The effectiveness of reading medium to pupils with albinism: A comparative study between print and Braille medium use in inclusive Primary Schools in Tanga and Arusha Regions. Int. J. Educ. Pol. Res. Rev. 8(6):236-248.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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