International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review

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June 2023;10(2)


Original Research Article

Mediating role of contextual elements on adult learners’ antecedents of entrepreneurial intention in Tanzania’s higher learning institutions

Mbowe Ramadhani Kabung’a

Department of Research, Publication and Consultancy, Postal Address 20769, Dar-es-salaam Tanzania

Author’s E-mail: mbowe69(at)

Tel.:+255713 513 719/0769 888 950

Mbowe Ramadhani Kabung’a

Article Number: IJEPRR.23.007  |   Pages: 81-93  |   Vol. 10 (2), June 2023   |   DOI:

 Received: April 4, 2023  Accepted: May 27, 2023  Published: June 7, 2023


The study had examined the mediating role of contextual elements on adult learners’ antecedents of entrepreneurial intention in Tanzania’s higher learning institutions. Using a quantitative research design, it applied the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the mediating role. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data from 245 respondents using convenient sampling of adult learners engaged in entrepreneurial programmes at the Institute of Adult Education. The structural equation model facilitated by the Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS 20.0) software was used to verify the hypothesis relationships. The study found adult learners’ antecedents for entrepreneurial intention to have a positive and significant indirect mediating influence on the relationship between each antecedent (personal attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control) and entrepreneurial intention. Overall, these findings suggest that the adult learners’ antecedents for enhancing entrepreneurial intention require different contextual elements, among adult learners in the setting of Tanzania. Thus, Adult Learning Institutions, should consider the adult learners’ individual values and experiences as contextual elements identified in the curriculum for developing a meaningful entrepreneurial intention among adult learners. Alternatively, the government and other financial interventions may base their decisions on the contextual elements identified for potential entrepreneurs to signal the graduates’ desire to venture into business when funds are disbursed for new entrepreneurial ventures.

Keywords: Adult learners, entrepreneurial intention, contextual elements, mediating role, arbitrative.

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