International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review

Search for Articles on Google by:
Alina Ioana Constantin
Maria Goga

Search for Related Articles:
On Google
On Google Scholar

Original Research Article

Curriculum integration and teachers’ training – Romanian experience

Alina Ioana Constantin*1 and Maria Goga2

1Doctoral School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania,
2Teacher Training Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest, Romania.

*Corresponding Author Email: alina_constantin_2004(at)

Alina Ioana Constantin

Maria Goga

Article Number: IJEPRR.21.004  |   Pages: 28-34  |   Vol. 8 (1), February 2021   |   DOI:

 Received: December 3, 2020  Accepted: February 5, 2021  Published: February 22, 2021


Romanian curriculum has a strong characteristic of being discipline-based, but due to the new legal curriculum framework, it is observed that decision-makers want to direct it towards an integrated approach. The implementation of an integrated curriculum is closely related to the teachers’ training. The present study explores the need for training secondary school teachers in the curriculum integration area. Our study tries to find out teachers’ choices regarding teaching an integrated optional discipline and teaching disciplines from the common core curriculum in an integrated manner. Another purpose was to identify the opinions of teachers and education specialists on the need for this kind of training and the nature of the training programs for making possible the implementation of an integrated curriculum. The research has been conducted in 34 Romanian secondary schools, on a sample of 176 teachers, 7 educational specialists, and 2 school inspectors. The results show that a small percent of teachers teach integrated optional disciplines, but a high percent manage to make connections between the content of the taught discipline and other disciplines and real-life or students’ experiences. For training prospective teachers to specialize in curriculum integration area, the universities must develop new courses and also allow them to have double/triple specialization, which contributes to their qualification and opening for integrated teaching. For teachers, there should be also exchanges of experience between teachers already familiar with this approach and the ones that are not familiar. Also, continuous training programs should include theoretical courses and debates, practically-applied exercises, and simulations.


Curriculum integration, integrated disciplines, secondary school, teachers training.

How to Cite this Article

Constantin AI, Goga M (2021). Curriculum integration and teachers’ training – Romanian experience. Int. J. Educ. Pol. Res. Rev. 8(1):28-34.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Select Language »