International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research

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Assessing the effects of socio-economic factors on ICTs adoption among extension workers in the north-west zone of Nigeria

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International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research Vol.1 (9), pp.255-269, November 2013
Available online at
© 2013 Journal Issues    ISSN 2350-1561
Article 13/ID/ JPR85, 09 pages

Original Research Paper

Assessing the effects of socio-economic factors on ICTs adoption among extension workers in the north-west zone of Nigeria

Accepted 6 October, 2013

1*Yakubu, D.H. , 1Abubakar, B.Z.,  2Atala, T.K., 3Muhammed A., and 4Abdullahi, M.K.

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development,Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto,Nigeria.
2Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,Nigeria.
3Department of Mathematics,Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto,Nigeria.
4Usmanu Danfodiyo University Model Secondary School, Sokoto, Sokoto State Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:


This study assessed the socio-economic factors affecting the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by extension workers in the North-West Zone of Nigeria. Five out of the seven states were chosen using simple random sampling. Three hundred and four (304) extension agents and nineteen (19) extension supervisors were randomly selected from the state Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs), giving a total of three hundred and twenty-three (323) respondents. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire. Analysis of the data was carried out using descriptive statistics, opinion ranking and Chi-square. Findings of the study showed that majority of the extension workers were males and married, within the age ranges of 41-50 and 51-60 years for the agents and the supervisors, respectively. The extension agents and supervisors had family sizes of 1-10 and 11-20 members, respectively with majority having Higher National Diploma (HND) certificate. They had mean annual incomes of N379,051 and N1,069,074 for the agents and the supervisors, respectively.  Radio, television, telephone, DVD, video, computer and printer were fully adopted. There was low adoption of scanners, fax and Web publishing. There was also low adoption of the Web, satellite, E-mail, CD-ROM and search engines among the extension agents. The extension workers used the ICTs to obtain and disseminate information on improved agricultural production techniques, marketing and climate. The extension agents’ education, income, training, awareness and access were all significant (p<0.01) to ICT adoption. Age (p<0.05) and membership of agricultural organizations (p<0.1) were also significant. ICT training and access were significant (p<0.05) among the extension supervisors. Poor ICT infrastructural development, erratic and unstable power supply and limited access to worldwide databases on CD-ROMs due to financial/foreign exchange were the major constraints to ICT use. The need to enhance ICT infrastructure, promote ICT education and training, build modern ICT facilities and involve agricultural extension personnels in national policy dialogues were offered as recommendations.

Key words: Socio-economic factors, adoption, ICT, extension agents, extension supervisors.

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