International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research







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CURRENT ISSUE
May 2021;9(3)


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Original Research Article

Performance comparison among Syrian and Italian wheat genotypes in Central and Southern Syria

Maysoun M. Saleh1*, Rajaa Kenaan2, Zaeda Alsayd Suliman3 and Yaman Jabbour4


1Genetic Resources Department, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, Damascus, Syria.
2Al-Swaida Agricultural Centre, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, Al-Swaida, Syria
3Homs Agricultural Centre, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, Homs, Syria
4Aleppo Agricultural Centre, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, Aleppo, Syria

*Corresponding Author Email: mzainsamasaleh(at)gmail.com

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2763-0590.

Maysoun M. Saleh

Rajaa Kenaan

Zaeda Alsayd Suliman

Yaman Jabbour


Article Number: IJAPR.21.004  |   Pages: 24-35  |   Vol. 9 (2), March 2021   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJAPR.21.004

 Received: November 23, 2020  Accepted: January 27, 2021  Published: March 26, 2021

Abstract

Fourteen local and entry genotypes of primitive durum wheat, as well as two controls (Sham 3 and Sham 5), were planted at the General Commission of Scientific Agricultural Research’s experiment stations in Homs and Al-Swaida. The experiments were carried out in a randomised complete block design with three replicates in 2019 under rain fed conditions. The variance was calculated for genotypes, locations, and their interactions. Days to heading, plant height, total and fertile tiller number, awn length, peduncle spike length, spike length, number of grains per spike, thousand grain weight, and grain yield per plant were all studied agronomic traits. The genotype SYD09 was significantly superior in earliness to heading compared to Sham 3, and the genotype SYD11 was significantly superior in total and fertile tiller number compared to Sham 5. The genotypes ITP47 and ITP50 had longer awns than Sham 5, and all primitive wheat genotypes had longer peduncle length than Sham 3. Compared to both controls Sham 3 and Sham 5, nine genotypes (ITP39, ITP52, ITP47, ITC83, ITP45, ITC80, ITC81, ITC89, ITP49) were significantly superior in spike length, and five genotypes (ITP49, ITP47, ITP46, ITP52, ITP40) were significantly superior in thousand grain weight (52.27, 49.48, 46.43, 44.84, 44.10 g) respectively. However, none of the tested primitive wheat genotypes outperformed one or both checks in terms of the number of grains per spike and grain yield per plant. Some primitive wheat entries can be used in wheat improvement programmes based on the results.

Keywords:

Grain yield per plant, genotypes, locations, Syria, primitive wheat. grain yield per plant.

How to Cite this Article

Saleh MM, Kenaan R, Suliman ZA, Jabbour Y(2021). Performance comparison among Syrian and Italian wheat genotypes in Central and Southern Syria. Int. J. Agric. Pol. Res. 9(2):24-35.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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