International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research

Original Research Article

Effects of land-use changes pattern on tree plantation: Evidence from gher land in Bangladesh

Devashish Kumar Ghosh1, Md Nuralam Hossain2*, Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker3 and Shahidul Islam4

1Forestry and Wood Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh.
2School of Environment and Ecology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China.
3School of Political Science and Public Administration, Neijiang Normal University, Neijiang 641100, China.
4Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Chittagong, Chattogram-4331, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nuralam.05mbstu(at)

Tel.:+ +8801714897195a

Devashish Kumar Ghosh

Md Nuralam Hossain

Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker

Shahidul Islam

Article Number: IJAPR.20.007  |   Pages: 55-65  |   Vol. 8 (3), June 2020   |   DOI:

 Received: April 23, 2020  Accepted: May 23, 2020  Published: June 12, 2020


The southwestern part of Bangladesh is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its geographical settings. The adverse effects of climate change force people to convert cultivable lands into gher practice for improving livelihood. Therefore, the study aims to explore how land use pattern influences tree plantation in gher land in Bangladesh. A quantitative dominant qualitative mixed method has been used, and data have been collected from 78 respondents comprising farmers practicing tree plantation and those without tree plantation. This study reveals that the ownership of gher has a significant impact on planting trees on gher dike. On the other hand, the farmers with larger gher were more willing to have trees on their gher dike, whereas dike width more than 6ft is feasible to establish a plantation. 69% of the farmer has opined that they practice semi-extensive production systems of gher management (without trees) followed by 44% of gher management (with trees). Further, 79% of farmers of gher with trees are well aware of the benefits of planting trees in gher dike, and they want to plant trees on gher dike willingly. In gher with trees, 62% of respondents were the owner and are willing to plant trees on their gher dike. On the other hand, there was a 56% respondent in favor of gher without trees among whose 54% gher width is 6ft or more. The findings will help local farmers for developing awareness on the benefits of planting trees on gher dike to increase gher land productivity and maintain sustainable ecological balance.


Dike width, Gher land, gher size, land use pattern, livelihood pattern, ownership, tree plantation

How to Cite this Article

Ghosh DK, Hossain MN, Sarker MNI, Islam S(2020). Effects of land-use changes pattern on tree plantation: Evidence from gher land in Bangladesh. Int. J. Agric Pol. Res. 8 (3):55-65.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

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