International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research






Search for Articles on Google by:
Udounang, P.I
Ekwere, O. J
Akpainyang, F. E.



Search for Related Articles:
On Google
On Google Scholar




Original Research Article

Comparative effect of fertilization on cocoyam and component crops on Cocoyam-based intercropping systems in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria

* 1Udounang, P.I., 1Ekwere, O. J. and 1Akpainyang, F. E.


1Department of Crop Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus.

*Corresponding Author Email: patunang(at)yahoo.com

Tel.: +234 8028455194

Udounang, P.I

Ekwere, O. J

Akpainyang, F. E.


Article Number: IJAPR.22.003  |   Pages: 16-25  |   Vol. 10 (1), January 2022   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJAPR.22.003

 Received: October 23, 2021  Accepted: December 30, 2021  Published: January 7, 2022

Abstract

Field experiment was conducted at University of Uyo Teaching, research farm during the 2018 and 2019 cropping seasons to assess the effect of fertilization on cocoyam-based intercropping systems. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments were six fertilizers rates – 0kg/ha, NPK200kg/ha, NPK400kg/ha, PM2.5t/ha, PM5.0t/ha, Mixture (NPK200kg/ha + PM2.5t/ha) and six crop mixtures – Sole Cocoyam, Sole Melon, Sole Maize, Cocoyam + Maize, Cocoyam + Melon and Cocoyam + Melon + Maize). Result analysed with analysis of variance revealed PM2.5t/ha, NPK400kg/ha and Mixture (NPK200kg/ha + PM2.5t/ha) gave higher plant height, leaf area, stem girth in sole cocoyam, maize and melon respectively. PM2.5t/ha favoured leaf area, stem girths of cocoyam, maize with cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon and cocoyam + melon + maize crop mixtures. PM5.0t/ha gave higher values of corm, cormels, cormels weight, cormels number and cormels length in both sole cocoyam and mixtures (cocoyam + melon, cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon + maize) in both seasons respectively. PM2.5t/ha gave higher values of maize grain yield with cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon + maize crop mixtures. PM5.0t/ha and NPK400kg/ha gave higher melon seed values with cocoyam + melon and cocoyam + Melon + maize. Conclusively, it is recommended that application of organic fertilizer promotes higher yields and yield components in both sole and crop mixtures of cocoyam and maize respectively.

Keywords:

Poultry manure (PM), NPK 15:15:15, Cocoyam, melon, maize, corms, cormels

How to Cite this Article

Udounang PI, Ekwere OJ, Akpainyang FE(2022). Comparative effect of fertilization on cocoyam and component crops on Cocoyam-based intercropping systems in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Pol. Res. 10 (1):16-25.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


Select Language »