International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research






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Ouattara B
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Ouattara K.
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July 2022;10(4)


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Original Research Article

Agricultural intensification and the physical properties changes on the Ferric Lixisol in the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso

1Ouattara B., *1Coulibaly P.J.A., 1Ouattara K., 1Lompo F., and  1Sedogo M.P.


1Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique, Institute de l’Environnent et de Recherches Agricoles (CNRST/INERA), 01 BP 476 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso.

*Corresponding Author Email :panecoul(at)yahoo.fr

Tel. : (+226)71 53 06 07

Ouattara B

Coulibaly P.J.A.

Ouattara K.

Lompo F.

Sedogo M.P


Article Number: IJAPR.22.010  |   Pages: 82-89  |   Vol. 10 (4), July 2022   |   DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJAPR.22.010

 Received: May 12, 2022  Accepted: July 15, 2022  Published: July 28, 2022

Abstract

Agricultural land management is one of the issues facing farmers in the semi-arid zones of West Africa. This study conducted in Burkina Faso aims at characterizing the physical properties of Ferric Lixisol under the influence of plowing, manure fertilization and sorghum monoculture. For this purpose, experimental designs of different ages were used at the agricultural Research Station of Saria and in farm plots located, on Ferric Lixisol. The cropping practices tested combined plowing with different rates of farmyard manure. Soil physical properties analysis showed that the annual plowing with farmyard manure application resulted in a 1.6-point decrease in structural porosity and a 57% decrease in fine silt content after 33 years of cultivation, compared to soils under farm plots. Steady-state infiltration was reduced by 58% compared to that measured under natural fallow. These changes were much linked to the plowing intensity than to the organic fertilizer rates. On the other hand, after 33 years of cultivation, the biennial plowing of 40 t ha-1 of manure resulted in a loss of more than 50% of the soil’s clay and iron oxy-hydroxide contents of the soil compared to plots without manure and those of the farmers. In conclusion, unjustified intensification of cultivation practices can lead to a degradation of soil physical properties.

Keywords:

Infiltration rate, management, manure, plowing, porosity.

How to Cite this Article

Ouattara B, Coulibaly PJA, Ouattara K, Lompo F, Sedogo MP(2022).Agricultural intensification and the physical properties changes on the Ferric Lixisol in the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso.Int. J. Agric. Pol. Res. 10 (4):82-89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJAPR.22.010

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.


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