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Original Research Article

Comparative study on the diversity and abundance of gastrointestinal parasites in local and exotic chickens

*1Pam V.A ., 2Ogbu K.I., 3Okoro J., 4Akinyera A. O. and 5Gullek J. F.


1Department of Parasitology,Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom,    Plateau State, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal Health, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
3Viral Vaccine Production Division, NVRI,Vom. Plateau State, Nigeria.
4Depqrtment of fishery, FCAH and PT,NVRI,VomPlateau State, Nigeria.
5Parasitology Division, NVRI,Vom Plateau State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: vicpam2004(at)yahoo.com

Tel.:+2348032858581


Article Number:  |   Pages:  |     |   DOI:

 Received:  Accepted: April 4, 2015  Published:

Abstract

Survey of the gastrointestinal parasite of chickens slaughtered in Kugiya Bukuru market, Jos South L.G.A of Plateau State was carried out. 200  intestinal content of local  and  exotic chickens  were  collected  from  poultry dressing  units  in  Kugiya  market and kept in polythene bags, samples were then transported to the  Parasitology  laboratory of the National  Veterinary  Research  Institute Vom analysis. Faecal samples were screened using two methods: The formal-ether concentration and the saturated NaCl floatation techniques. Demonstration of the parasites was by microscopic examination of smears made after the concentration method.  Four species of  Emeria  were encountered in this study: Eimeria necatrix 9(34.62) had the highest  followed by E. brunette 7(26.925) the least prevalence was observed in the case of E. tenella 4(26.92%) in the local breed, E.acevulina 5(35.71) recorded the highest prevalence in the case of the exotic breed. The prevalence of 13(50.00) was observed for both the male and the female  local breed but the female 9(62.00) had the highest prevalence than the male 5(38.00).Other species that recorded significant level of infection include Ascaridia galli  13(11.40) and 3(4.60), Capillaria annulata 9 (11.4%) and 7(4.60) in both the local and exotic breed. and Eimeria Sp 40 (40.0%). The overall prevalence of infection in Local breed  was significantly higher (x2 = 4.50, df = 3, p = 0.034) than the exotic breed.

Keywords:

Comparative, diversity, abundance, gastrointestinal, parasites, birds

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