Issues in Biological Sciences and Pharmaceutical Research

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Kabir M. Adamu
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Original Research Article

Anthropogenic impact on some water quality characteristics of Wupa River Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

Maishanu Faiza1, Kabir M. Adamu1,2* and Mohammed M. Yakubu2

1Department of Biology, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Nile University of Nigeria Abuja.
2Department of Biological Sciences, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai, Niger State.

*Corresponding Author Email: kabrmoh(at)

Tel.: +2348035826075;

Orcid ID: 000-0003-1467-0657

Maishanu Faiza

Kabir M. Adamu

Mohammed, M. Yakubu

Article Number: ibspr.22.006  |   Pages: 30-38  |   Vol. 10 (3), July 2022   |   DOI:

 Received: April 29, 2022  Accepted: June 19, 2022  Published: July 6, 2022


Information on water quality indicators and pollution levels are critical for water resource preservation and sustainable use. To this vein, this study considered the physicochemical properties, bacterial and fungal burdens in Wupa River, which is part of the Jabi River watershed, Abuja, Nigeria. Water samples were collected from two (2) sampling points for the assessments for the period of six months (January to June 2021) using standard procedures. The physicochemical parameters revealed that water temperature ranged from 24.75 to 26.65°C, Dissolved oxygen (DO) from 4.06 to 5.99 mg/l, Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) from 5.04 to 6.18mg/l. pH ranged from 7.06 to 7.29, Electrical conductivity 25.00µS/cm, Turbidity from 6.00 to 8.20 NTU and Transparency ranged from 7.00 to 7.47. The DO, BOD5, pH and turbidity show significant difference (p<0.05). However, temperature, transparency and electrical conductivity (E.C) had no significant difference between the sampling points (p>0.05). All the measured parameters showed no significance difference (p>0.05) between the sampling months. A total of four-Gram negative (Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella sp) bacteria were isolated and identified. Whilst Staphylococcus aureus is the only Gram-positive bacteria species encountered during the study period. Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. nidulans, Penicillium chrysogenum and Fusarium oxysporum were the species of fungi isolated and identified. The presence of primarily gram-negative bacteria isolates in the river, as well as the state of surface water quality during the sample time, indicates pollution stress produced by various human activities in the Wupa River Abuja.


Freshwater, physico-chemical parameter, bacteria, fungi, anthropogenic activities.

How to Cite this Article

Faiza M, Adamu  KM, Yakubu MM (2022). Anthropogenic impact on some water quality characteristics of Wupa River Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. Issues Biol. Sci. Pharma. Res. 10(3):30-38.

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

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