Guide for Authors

Issues in Biological Sciences and Pharmaceutical Research (IBSPR) (ISSN 2350-1588) is an international journal published  monthly online by Journal Issues .It is a double blind peer- review open access journal that publishes theoretical, empirical and experimental papers that contribute significantly to the disciplines of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Terms of submission

Submission of article is on the understanding that the article has not been previously published in any other form and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis. Also, the article should not be currently under consideration by another journal published by Journal Issues or any other publisher.

Procedure for the submission of manuscripts

Manuscript should be submitted online via IBSPR SUBMISSION PORTAL. Upon receipt of manuscript submission, the Editor-in-chief sends a confirmation email to the corresponding author(s) within 1-2 working days. In the absence of a confirmation email, you are advised to contact the  help assistant via this email address; info@journalissues.org.

Organisation and style of manuscripts

The cover letter should include:

(a)Name of author(s) including first name(s)

(b)Name of the department(s) institution(s) in which the work was carried out, including full contact address, telephone/fax numbers of authors and that of the corresponding authors

(c)It should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor-in-chief along with the article

(d)Author(s) may also suggest two or more reviewers for the manuscript along with their uniform resource locator (URL) for proper identification of the reviewer(s)

(e)Author(s) should take the undertaking that the manuscript has not been published elsewhere except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis. Also, in the case of more than one author, the corresponding author should do same.

Peer Review: All manuscripts are subject to double blind system for peer-review. Reviewers’ identities remain anonymous to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by three experts; one is an editorial board member and the other two are external reviewers. The review process may take 12 days. Decisions will be made as fast as possible, and reviewers’ comments sent to the author immediately.

Types of Articles:

Original Research Articles: These should describe new and carefully analysed and confirmed findings, backed with experimental procedures. Articles should be given in sufficient details for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be concise, required to describe and interpret the work clearly. Please include in the main paper a set of key words ; an abstract- summarizing background of the work; research results and its implications followed by INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS and METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGMENTS and REFERENCES. All these must be in capital letters but not underlined.

Short Research Communication: These should presents a concise study, or sometimes preliminary but innovative. A research finding that might be less substantial than a full research paper. Short Research Communication is limited to 3000 words (excluding references and abstract). The main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. It should have a set of key words ; an abstract- summarizing background of the work; research results and its implications. Followed by INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS and METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGMENTS and REFERENCES. All these must be in capital letters but not underlined.

Review or mini-review: A review article typically presents a summary and critical evaluation of information that has already been published, and considers the progress of current research toward clarifying a stated problem or topic. Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and should be authoritative. Reviews should be concise, not exceeding 7 printed pages.

Author(s) are advised to carefully consider the preparation of papers to ensure that they communicate efficiently. Papers are much more likely to be accepted, if they are carefully designed and laid out, containing fewer or no errors. Papers should be conventional to the approach and instructions. However, author(s) are advised not to do self citation of previous study within their paper in order to uphold the credibility of their paper. Articles with self citations may not stand the chance of being accepted except where it is absolutely necessary.

Original research articles

All portions of the manuscript must be double spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.

The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the author’s full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and e-mail information. An asterisk (*) must be placed after the corresponding author’s name as superscript whose email id, fax, telephone number can be given at the bottom left corner of the title. Corresponding author has the responsibility to ensure that all co authors are aware and approve the contents of the submitted manuscript.

An abstract of not more than 200 words should contain study objective(s), concise description of study design, result and conclusion. Authors may list a maximum of ten keywords for subject classification.

Abbreviations are to be used sparingly and given at first mention of word. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Please separate the items by “;”.

E.g. HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; SIV: simian immunodeficiency virus;

The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and methods: This should be sufficiently detailed (with reference(s) where possible) to permit other work to make reference to the study. Sources of materials used must be given and statistical method must be specified by reference unless non standard ones are used.

The Results must be clear and concise with the help of appropriate illustrative material tables and/or figures.

The Discussion should interpret the findings in line with the results obtained in the study  and in past studies on the topic. Unjustified speculation should be avoided.

Acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.

Tables should be kept to a minimum and designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout; including headings. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Each table should include a title and be comprehensible without reference to the text. Sources of Tables adapted or reproduced verbatim from another source must acknowledged in the footnote.


Figure legends 
should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. Please present the Tables and Figures at the end of the paper.

References: In the text, a reference identified by means of an author’s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references should be cited within the text; otherwise, these references will be automatically removed. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication. Journal names are abbreviated according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references

Examples:

Reference to a journal publication:

Xu YW, Liu L, Zhao D, Zou YT, Zeng JW, Wu W (2011a). Aliphatic aldehyde rich volatile constituents of Houttuyania cordata from southwest China. J. Med. Plants Res., 5: 5844-5847.

Xu YW, Zou YT, Husaini AM, Zeng JW, Guan LL, Liu Q, Wu W (2011b).Optimization of potassium for proper growth and physiological response of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Environ. Exp. Bot., 71:292-297.

Pokhrel CP, Kalyan N, Budathoki U, Yadav RKP(2013).Cultivation of Pleurotus sajor-caju using different agricultural residues.Int.J.Agric.Policy Res., 1(2):19-23

Reference to a book:

Strunk  W,White EB (1979).The elements of style.(3rd ed.).New York: Macmillan,(Chapter 4).

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam GR, Adams LB (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In Jones BS, Smith RZ (Eds.). Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Proofs and Reprints: Electronic gallery proofs will be sent via (email attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Gallery proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.  It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that the galley proofs are to be returned 3-4days of receipt with correction if (any). The authors are responsible for the contents as appeared in their published manuscripts.

Fees and Charges: Author(s) will be charged a $550 handling fees upon acceptance of paper for publication. The author’s ability to pay the charges is not certain that the paper will be accepted for publication. We routinely offer partial waiver for students and authors from low-income countries. Please contact  the help Assistant via this email address: info@journalissues.org for more information.

Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher. Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.