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AI Kamanli

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AI Kamanli

Issues in Business Management and Economics
Vol.4 (2), pp. 9-17, March 2016
ISSN 2350-157X
Available online at
Article ID /BM/16/016/09 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

The effect of entrepreneur’s passion and transactional leadership style on the performance of employees

Ugur Yozgat and Ayse Ilgun Kamanli

1Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey
2Independent Scholar, İstanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author Email:


date Received: February 12, 2016     date Accepted: March 15, 2016     date Published: March 26, 2016


Passion is at the heart of entrepreneurship because it can foster creativity and the recognition of new information patterns critical to the discovery and exploitation of promising opportunities. Entrepreneurs who are passionate have been thought by both academics and practitioners to be more successful and affect their employees’ performance than those who are not. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of an entrepreneurs’ passion and transactional leadership style on the performance of employees as only few scholars have investigated these relationships separately. Data was collected from 103 entrepreneurs and 206 employees (two per entrepreneur) working in SME’s using questionnaires. Our findings indicate that entrepreneurs’ passion and transactional leadership style have a significant effect on the performance of employees, and entrepreneurs’ passion moderated the relationship between transactional leadership style and performance of the employee. This study has clearly demonstrated that the effect of transactional leadership style (passive management by exceptionlaissez-faire) on the performance of employees is higher when the entrepreneur is passionate about his/her job. Passion (especially harmonious passion) mediated the effect of some factors of transactional leadership on the performance of the employee. Data analysis reveals that one of several ways transactional behaviors boosts the performance of the employee is through the leader’s type of passion.

Key words: Entrepreneur, passion, transactional leadership, performance of the employees

Yozgat and Kamanli