Issues in Biological Sciences and Pharmaceutical Research
Vol.7(4),pp.71-81, October 2019
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IBSPR/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Ethnomedicinal survey of medicinal plants in Olomoro Clan, Isoko South Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
*1Ubafie Martha Oke and 1Ejale U. Angela
1Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The study was conducted with the aim to document the medicinal plants used by the people of Olomoro community in the management of their health issues. The ethnomedicinal data was obtained through a well-structured questionnaires and oral interview. The survey revealed that thirty (30) plants belonging to twenty- six (26) families were commonly used to treat and manage ailments like measles, fever, malaria, eczema, nematodes infection, sickle cell anemia, diuresis, chicken pox, small pox, pile, stomach aches, ringworm, high blood pressure, stroke and constipation in the community. Information on the names of plants and plant parts used were also documented. The survey showed that the plants mostly used for these treatments were Costus afer (common name, monkey sugar, local name, eti); Psidium guajava,( common name, Guava, local name, Iguava) Mangifera indica,( common name mango, local name, Etorioemago) Azadirachta indica,( common name Neem, local name, Idogoyaro) Chromolaena odorata,( common name, Siam weed, local name, Ishokope) Citrus aurantifolia,( common name, Lime, local name, Utioghagha) Cymbopogon citratus, (common name, Lemon grass, local name, Okoso); Ocimum gratissimum (common name, Scent leaf, local name, Obioran) Vernonia amygdalina (common name, Bitter leaf, local name, Oligbo); and Carica papaya (common name Pawpaw, local name Eto). The plant parts mostly used are the leaves, followed by roots, bark, fruits and stem. Individuals who were 56years [fifty six years] and above patronized the traditional healers more than the younger generation. Generally, more people tend to depend more on traditional healers than orthodox medicine practitioners from the oral interviews conducted. This could be due to the none accessibility to orthodox medicine. There is therefore a grave need to study these plants so that the community members can be properly advised on the safe use of these medicinal plants.
Key words: Olomoro, traditional, community, town, practitioners, ethnomedicinal, orthodox.