International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.2 (8), pp. 281-287, August 2014
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article 14/ID/JPR098/07 pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 International License
Original Research Article
Swamp rice production in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria: An imperative for rice value chain of the agricultural transformation agenda
A.K.Tashikalma, D.Y. Giroh* and Ugbeshe, V.A
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Modibbo Adama University of Technology P.M.B 2076, Yola,Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: denglekpasham(at)gmail.com
The study examined the economics of swamp rice production in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State Nigeria as an imperative for rice value chain of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda. The specific objectives were to describe the socio- economic characteristics of the respondents, determine cost and returns of swamp rice production, determine the relationship between input and output used and to identify the constraints of swamp rice production. Primary data were collected from 120 swamp rice farmers with the aid of structured questionnaire using random sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and production function analysis. Results of the analysis revealed that majority of the respondents (93.3%) were males, 88.40 % were educated (35% primary education, 29.2 % secondary and 24.2% tertiary education ).Swamp rice production was profitable as revealed by a gross margin and net farm income of N91,604.01 and N88,986.01 per hectare. The production function analysis indicated that farm size, family labour, fertilizer and herbicide were significantly related with rice output. The major constraints to swamp rice production in the study area include high cost of labour, inadequate supply of input, high cost of fertilizer; pest and diseases, land tenure system, poor storage facilities and poor marketing. Recommendations to overcome the identified constraints were made in the study.
Key words: Swamp rice, production function, budgetary technique, value chain