International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.5 (3), pp. 70-79, March 2017
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article 16/ID/JPR088/10/ pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Women in agricultural production and food security in rural Cameroon
Mbu Daniel Tambi*1, Johannes Tabi Atemnkeng2 and Mary-Juliet Bime3
1Department of Agricultural Economics; University of Dschang, Cameroon.
2Department of Management Science; University of Buea, Cameroon.
3Department of Agribusiness Technology; University of Bamenda, Cameroon.
*Corresponding Author Email: tambi2015(at)yahoo.co.uk
This study attempts to investigate the effects of Women in Agricultural Production on Food Security in Rural Cameroon. Women in agriculture are principally in charge of the cultivation of basic food crops; however, the burden of this function on women is so heavy that they need to be medically and agriculturally empowered though this has not been the case in most rural Cameroon. As a step to solving this problem, we have as objectives: (a) to explore the determinants of Women in Agricultural Production, (b) examined the contribution of women working in Agriculture on food security in rural Cameroon and (c) derived policy implications on the basis of our analysis. To tackle these objectives, use is made of instrumental variable (2SLS) model. Empirical results are based on 2011 Demographic and Health survey collected by the government’s statistics office and Department of statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Results show that women in agricultural production are associated positively with food security, overall. Other variables that are associated significantly with food security in rural Cameroon are maternal participation in the labour market, mother’s education, family size and father’s presence in the household. The determinants of women in agricultural production include: mother’s age, health of status of mothers, married women place of residence and farm size respectively. In terms of policy, Women in Agricultural Production are indeed working machine in terms of crop production (food security) in Cameroon, like any other machine, they need fuel to function well. The decision makers must put at the top of their agenda women empowerment and support programs, as well as medical services at the disposal of women to permit them do their job effectively. This is a gateway towards ameliorating standards of living among women and poverty alleviation in rural households.
Key words: Women, agricultural production, food security, rural Cameroon.