International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.6 (5), pp. 71-75, May 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Afghanistan wheat seed scenario: Status and imperatives
Rajiv Sharma1* and Mahboobullah Nang2
1International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) – Afghanistan, Kabul,
2Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), Kabul
* Corresponding Author Email: rk.sharma(at)cgiar.org
Wheat is Afghanistan’s staple food item; however country’s food production has been hovering between 2.6 and 5.2 million tons during last decade making imports necessary to feed its 35 million strong populations as of today. Like any other crop production system seed is critical to wheat production also. Availability of new high yielding and disease resistant varieties is not a constraint as the country has released over 35 new varieties since 2000. Organizations engaged in seed production have not been able to produce enough seed coupled with a still evolving system failed to deliver enough of affordable seed to farming community. Things however seem to be improving now as new laws now allow truthfully labeled seed and certified seed production targets aim a 10% seed replacement rate in near future.
Key words: Afghanistan, wheat cultivars, Triticum aestivum, certified seed