International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.5 (7),pp. 125-130, November 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Poverty and society health status in East Nusa Tenggara-Indonesia
Frans Salesman*1, Stefanus Rodrick Juraman2, Rafael Paun3 and Leonardus W.D.Setiawan4
1Institute of Health Sciences Citra Husada Mandiri Kupang
2Airlangga University – Indonesia
3Health Polytechnics Kupang East Nusa Tenggara
4Institute of Economics Sciences Karya Ruteng.
*Corresponding Author Email; franssalesman(at)gmail.com
East Nusa Tenggara is a province in the Republic of Indonesia which was classified as the fourth poorest province according to the Indonesian statistics bureau in 2017. As the poorest province, there are various inequalities and social problems that arise, one of which is the health conditions of the people living below the poverty line. Poverty is seen as an economic inability to meet the basic food and non-food needs, including the fulfillment of healthy living and nutrition intake in the family. Analyzing the state of poverty and public health status in East Nusa Tenggara 2012-2017; in 2012 poverty rate in East Nusa Tenggara was 20.40%, in 2013 it was 20.24%, in 2014 it was 22.61%, in 2015 it was 22.58%, in 2016 it was 22.01%, and in 2017 it was 21.85%. Within the same period, the proportion of the poor to the population at the National level, in 2012 was 11.66%, in 2013 it was 11.47%, in 2014 it was 10.59%, in 2015 it was 11.13%, in 2016 it was 10.76%, and in 2017 it was 10.76%. Poverty affects the low health and nutrition statuses of the community, extending to Life Expectancy Age and Human Development Index (HDI). In 2017, the average Life Expectancy Age population of East Nusa Tenggarais was 66.07 years old (compared to the national value 71.06 years), and HDI was 63.73 (compared to the national value of 70.81), and it ranked 32nd out of 34 provinces in Indonesia. Poverty affects the ability to meet basic needs of life, health status, nutrition intake for infant and toddler growth, consequently leading to low quality of life and competitiveness in the various available opportunities in the future.
Key words: Poverty, health status, nutrition status, stunting, society health