International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.5 (3),pp. 46-51, March 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 18/ID/JPRH012/ 06 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Cardiovascular risk assessment in general population at primary health care centers in Saudi Arabia: Using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension risk prediction charts
M.Y. Saeedi1, Y.H. Alsafi1*, S.Z. Afghan2, S.S. Al-Khudair1, S.K. Al-Dhwailea1, and A.A. Badawi1
1Ministry of Health, General Directorate of Health Programs and Chronic Diseases, Saudi Arabia.
2Health Affairs in Alhasa Region, Saudi Arabia.
*Corresponding Author Email: alsaffiya(at)hotmail.com
Recent researches have used cardiovascular prediction risk score to estimate total cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in the population. Most of these prediction charts are country and ethnic specific, which may not be reliable in different community. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of CVD risk prediction among adults aged above 40 years, utilizing the World Health Organization / International Society for Hypertension (WHO/ISH) risk charts. A cross-sectional community based study was conducted between April to December 2016, in three regions of Saudi Arabia. Three primary health care centers selected randomly from each region and each center randomly selected 100 participants aged between 40-79 years from its database. The study involved medical history, physical examination and estimation of 10 years risk using WHO/ISH. The study included 809 adults above 40 years of age with female preponderance of 65.1%. The mean age for male was 58.16±10.6 and 55.52±8.78 for female with a p-value 0.001. Sixty nine percent of the participants were at low risk group while 31% were at moderate and high-risk group. Risk levels among diabetes by gender using cholesterol and non-cholesterol charts showed significance with p-value of 0.025 and 0.01 respectively. To conclude, known people based on risk prediction chart in primary health care centers is a step forward to have clear idea about magnitude of the problem. This study revealed the burden of CVD risk in the community. Measurement of total CVD risk offers a distinct advantage to monitor impact of multi-factorial interventions overtime and to assess total preventive treatment needs.
Key words: Saudi Arabia, primary health care, cardiovascular disease, Non-communicable diseases, WHO/ISH Risk Prediction Chart.