International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.2 (5),pp. 56-60,May 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 15/ID/JPRH012/05 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Original Research Article
Investigation on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in local and exotic dogs in Jos South Local Government Area of plateau state, Nigeria
*Pam V.A1 , Ogbu K.I.2, Akinyera A. O.3, Gullek J. F.4 and Okoro J5
1Department of Parasitology,FCAH AND PT, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
2Deparment of Animal Health, FCAH AND PT, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
3Depqrtment of fishery, FCAH and PT, NVRI,Vom
4Parasitology Division, NVRI,Vom
5Viral Vaccine Production Division, NVRI, Vom
*Corresponding Author E-mail: vicpam2004(at)yahoo.com
The study investigated the prevalence of Haemo and gastrointestinal parasites in slaughtered Dogs in (Kugiya) Jos South L.G.A. of Plateau State. One hundred and fifty faecal and blood samples were collected from both local and exotic breed, age and sex of the dogs were also considered. Samples were taken to the Parasitology division of the NVRI, Vom for analysis. The parasites were determined using floatation concentration methods while the blood smears were analyzed using Giemsa-stained thin blood smears, was examined for haemoparasites. An overall prevalence of 46(100%) for gastrointestinal parasites and 21(14%) for haemoparasites was recorded. The prevalence was higher in the young 28(37.33) and 14(18.67) than in the adult 8(10.67%) and 12(16.00%) in the case of gastro and heamoparasites respectively. The prevalence in relation to sex shows that the male had a higher prevalence 33(44.00%) and 21(28%) than the female 3(100%) in terms of both the enteric and the haemo parasites respectively, no heamoparasite was observed in the case of the female. The prevalence was seen to be higher in the local breed than the exotic breeds. This study provides evidence that parasitic infections are prevalent in dogs in the study areas.
Key words: Investigation, prevalence, gastrointestinal, parasites, dogs