Issues in Biological Sciences and Pharmaceutical Research
3(4),pp. 33-36, April 2015
Article ID/BSPR011/05 pages
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IBSPR/
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Original Research Article
Comparative study on the diversity and abundance of gastrointestinal parasites in local and exotic chickens
*1Pam V.A ., 2Ogbu K.I., 3Okoro J., 4Akinyera A. O. and 5Gullek J. F.
1Department of Parasitology,Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal Health, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, (National Veterinary Research Institute), Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
3Viral Vaccine Production Division, NVRI,Vom. Plateau State, Nigeria.
4Depqrtment of fishery, FCAH and PT,NVRI,VomPlateau State, Nigeria.
5Parasitology Division, NVRI,Vom Plateau State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: vicpam2004(at)yahoo.com
Survey of the gastrointestinal parasite of chickens slaughtered in Kugiya Bukuru market, Jos South L.G.A of Plateau State was carried out. 200 intestinal content of local and exotic chickens were collected from poultry dressing units in Kugiya market and kept in polythene bags, samples were then transported to the Parasitology laboratory of the National Veterinary Research Institute Vom analysis. Faecal samples were screened using two methods: The formal-ether concentration and the saturated NaCl floatation techniques. Demonstration of the parasites was by microscopic examination of smears made after the concentration method. Four species of Emeria were encountered in this study: Eimeria necatrix 9(34.62) had the highest followed by E. brunette 7(26.925) the least prevalence was observed in the case of E. tenella 4(26.92%) in the local breed, E.acevulina 5(35.71) recorded the highest prevalence in the case of the exotic breed. The prevalence of 13(50.00) was observed for both the male and the female local breed but the female 9(62.00) had the highest prevalence than the male 5(38.00).Other species that recorded significant level of infection include Ascaridia galli 13(11.40) and 3(4.60), Capillaria annulata 9 (11.4%) and 7(4.60) in both the local and exotic breed. and Eimeria Sp 40 (40.0%). The overall prevalence of infection in Local breed was significantly higher (x2 = 4.50, df = 3, p = 0.034) than the exotic breed.
Key words: Comparative, diversity, abundance, gastrointestinal, parasites, birds