International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.3 (9), pp. 359-367,September 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article 15/ID/JPR067/09/ pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Development of a tigernut based ready-to-use therapeutic spread
1*Otubuah Tei Nartey Bernard, 1Amanquah Tetteh Otu Daniel, 1Quashie Anthony Kofi Kamasa and 2Saalia Kwesi Firibu
1Nouveau Foods Ghana Ltd, Accra-Ghana.
2University of Ghana, Department of Nutrition and Food science, Legon-Ghana.
*Corresponding Author Email: botubuah(at)gmail.com
This work was necessitated due to rising costs of vital ingredients such as milk powder, sugar and vitamin-mineral mix in formulating a peanut-based ready-to-use therapeutic spread, saviour for severely malnourished children. Development of a new spread with particle size ≤ 158µm from roasted tigernut (Cyperus esculentus) flour, roasted soy (Glycine max) flour, soyoil (10mg Vit A/Kg) and other ingredients were investigated. Appropriately treated flours with better physicochemical features from whole tigernut and soybean with particle sizes ≤ 450µm were used in developing the spreads. Optimized tigernut-based spreads were well accepted and had an excellent colour, flavour, smoothness, aftertaste, spreadability and sweetness. This work shows that a high calorie (8.512 –11.647 Kcal/g) tigernut-based spreads containing added sugar (≤ 6%) and iodated salt (50ppm,≤ 0.3%) could be produced as a food aid for malnourished people.
Key words: Ready-to-use therapeutic spread, vitamin, mineral, malnourished, calorie, tigernut-based, physicochemical.