Issues in Business Management and Economics
Vol.2 (7), pp. 108-120, July 2014
Article ID BM/014/028/05 pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 International License
Original Research Article
Public procurement act 2003, (Act 663); a tool to fight corruption in the public service: Case study of Ghana Port and Habour Authority (GPHA), Takoradi
James Yaw Osei–Owusu*1 Isaac Opoku–Fofie2, Ebenezer Essilfie-Baiden3 and Djan Yeboah – Johnson4
1Department Of Purchasing And Supply, Koforidua Polytechnic Ghana, P.O. Box KF 981, Koforidua,Ghana.
2Department Of Purchasing And Supply, Takoradi Polytechnic Ghana, P. O. Box 256,Takoradi, Ghana.
3Consultant/Business Development Manager man – pro consult Ghana LTD P. O.Box 1724, Accra.
4Final year MBA student, K.N.U.S.T.P. O. Box st 181, Asokwa Stadium – Kumasi,Ghana
*Corresponding Author Email: jamesceegh(at)yahoo.com
Tel:+ 233 243215043
The study presents an overview of the Public Procurement Act 663, which has been perceived in recent times by many stakeholders to be the solution to corruption associated with public procurement. The primary focus of this research was to assess the potency of the service of the procurement Act as a tool to fight corruption in the public service. It also sought to assess the implementation challenges of the Act, identified the stages of procurement processes highly susceptible to corruption, and assessed the monitoring and supervision role of Public Procurement Authority (PPA) and again found out whether measures were put in place to ensure that practitioners possessed high professional standards of knowledge. A sample of 34 employees out of a general population of 35 employees in the materials department was used using convenience sampling. The main tool used for the data collection was questionnaire and the data was analyzed and interpreted using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS v.16) and descriptive research design respectively. The study revealed that, the objectives set had been achieved and it did indicate that the Public Procurement Act 663 was indeed a potent tool to fight corruption in public sector procurement. However, the findings indicate that, the implementation of the Public Procurement Act 663 caused delay in procurement activities of Ghana Port and Habour Authority (GPHA), procurement officials engaged in corrupt activities as a result of low salaries, and corruption which is endemic in the monitoring and evaluation stage. It is recommended that, all anti-corruption agencies be strengthened and empowered to investigate and prosecute any case related to public procurement. It is again recommended that, the prevailing thresholds should be reviewed to the level of entity thresholds in order to avoid delays.
Key words: Public procurement act, corruption, public service.