International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
5 (1),pp. 1-7, January 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 17/ID/JPRH120/07 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Challenges and prospects of mining of solid mineral resources in Taraba State, Nigeria
Oruonye*1, E. D. and Ahmed1, Y. M.
1Department of Geography, Taraba State University, P.M.B. 1167, Jalingo, Taraba State Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author Email: eoruonye(@)gmail.com
The mining of solid mineral resources is a key driver to economic growth and development. Taraba state is one of the states in Nigeria that is well endowed with different kinds of solid mineral resources that is untouched and yet to be prospected. Some of these mineral resources have been explored and worked on in the past decades. Mining in Taraba state is dominated by artisanal and small scale miners. The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the challenges of mining of solid mineral resources in Taraba State and the prospect of the sector. Data for this study were generated through secondary (desk) research, to identify existing literature on the mineral resource potentials of the state and past mining activities in the area. Primary data generated from field observations and interviews were also used. The findings of the study show that large quantities of this mineral ore deposits have been mined out in the state resulting in large numbers of abandoned mine sitesas a result of past mineral exploration /exploitation in the form of test pits, lotos and open ponds. The Federal Ministry of Mines and Steel Development reported 192 titles issued out from Taraba state in 2012 and 77 in 2015. Some of the challenges include the fact that most of the mineral occurrences were just reported. Real evaluation of the grade of mineral ore or the reserve estimates were never carried out.Most of the mining operations were illegal and not known to government officials. This makes it difficult for the government to monitor their operations and also to enforce environmental regulations on them. Other challenges include lack of mining equipment, predominance of artisanal and small scale miners, poor technical capacity, lack of capital, poor database, poor infrastructures and accessibility among others. Presently, the Federal government is working hard to simplify the process of acquiring mining licence by creating an online web portal to facilitate the application and payment process. It is expected that with improvement in the mining policy in the country, more companies and individuals would apply for mining licence in the state. Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made; provision of capital by way of soft loan, tax holidays for mining firm and synergy between Federal Ministry of Mines and Steel and the State Bureau of Solid Mineral Resources.
Key words: Mining, prospect, solid minerals, Taraba State