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RY Olobatoke

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RY Olobatoke

International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (6),pp. 112-119, June 2017
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
DOI:https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.17.014
Article 17/ID/JPRH035/08 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.



Review

Public health burden of non-typhoidal Salmonella strains in sub-Saharan Africa

R.Y. Olobatoke

Kabba College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 205, Kabba, Nigeria.

Author’s Email: yemisirose205(at)yahoo.com



date Received: May 9, 2017     date Accepted: June 9, 2017     date Published: July 10, 2017


 Abstract

The impact of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) infections on human and animal health, with the associated morbidity and mortality is a global issue of public health concern. The socioeconomic conditions in the developing countries particularly the sub-Saharan Africa seem to further aggravate the rate and seriousness of the infections. Thus the endemicity of NTS infections to sub-Saharan Africa as well as the resistance of the NTS strains to both antimicrobials and environmental stress is shown in this review. The association of Salmonella virulence plasmids with both antibiotic and stress resistance genes could play a major role in the persistence and spread of the resistance and virulence genes in Salmonella and other related pathogens. This may constitute a serious public health challenge in resource-limited rural African settings.


Key words: Non-typhoidal Salmonella, antimicrobials, stress, resistance, Sub-Saharan Africa.


Olobatoke