International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (6),pp. 112-119, June 2017
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 17/ID/JPRH035/08 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Public health burden of non-typhoidal Salmonella strains in sub-Saharan Africa
Kabba College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 205, Kabba, Nigeria.
Author’s Email: yemisirose205(at)yahoo.com
The impact of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) infections on human and animal health, with the associated morbidity and mortality is a global issue of public health concern. The socioeconomic conditions in the developing countries particularly the sub-Saharan Africa seem to further aggravate the rate and seriousness of the infections. Thus the endemicity of NTS infections to sub-Saharan Africa as well as the resistance of the NTS strains to both antimicrobials and environmental stress is shown in this review. The association of Salmonella virulence plasmids with both antibiotic and stress resistance genes could play a major role in the persistence and spread of the resistance and virulence genes in Salmonella and other related pathogens. This may constitute a serious public health challenge in resource-limited rural African settings.
Key words: Non-typhoidal Salmonella, antimicrobials, stress, resistance, Sub-Saharan Africa.