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International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (5),pp. 82-88, August 2019
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Sources and accessibility of potable water in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria

Ibiang Arikpo Oka*1, Ozah Hosea Peter1 and Inah Simon Alain1

1Department of Public Health, University of Calabar, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author Email:okaibiang(at)


date Received: June 21, 2019     date Accepted: July 20, 2019     date Published: August 13, 2019


Globally, a good number of people are still without access to safe and adequate potable water. The study was a descriptive study to identify the sources of potable water and its accessibility in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria. Five communities were selected by simple random sampling. Multi-stage random sampling technique which involved four stages was used to select 410 households and structured questionnaire and observation were used for data collection. The statistical package for social sciences software (SPSS version 20) was used for data analysis and chi-square test employed to establish statistical associations with a p-value of <0.05 at 95% confidence interval considered significant. Results from the study shows that 46.1% of respondents used borehole water as main source of water and there is a significant relationship between the quantity of water used and the number of person per household. Fifty percent of respondents walked below 500m to collect water and 17.3% walked above 1km to collect water. Access to potable water is poor and could affect the general hygiene status of the communities. It was recommended among others that the government should provide adequate water supply. Although improvement had been made, there is still difficulty especially in the rural communities.

Key words: Potable water, sources, accessibility

Oka et al