International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.3 (11),pp. 270-277, November 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 16/ID/JPRH070/ 07 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Prevalence of malaria and risk factors among patients attending Gutse General Hospital, Jigawa State, Nigeria
1Ocheje Ajifa Jennifer and 2*Dogara, Mustapha Musa
1Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Federal University Dutse, P.M.B 7156, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Federal University Dutse, P.M.B 7156, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author E-mail: musadogara2013(at)gmail.com
Tel: +234 806 277 2420
A study of malaria prevalence among patients attending the General Hospital Dutse, Dutse Jigawa State, Nigeria was conducted between January, 2015 and June, 2015. A total of 100 blood samples were collected from consented patients attending Dutse general hospital using venepuncture technique. The blood samples were processed within 3-6 hours of collection by preparing thin blood films. The stained films were examined under microscope using x100 objective. The species of Plasmodium were identified using standard keys. A questionnaire was used to record the status of infection, species of Plasmodium, socio economic status and other factors influencing transmission of the parasite from each participant. The data generated was analysed using percentages and presented in tabular forms. Chi-square was used to determine the degree of association between malaria prevalence and factors influencing its transmission. Out of the 100 persons examined for malaria parasites, 51(51%) were positive. Females had higher prevalence than males, but the difference was not significant (χ2 Cal = 0.5, 2tab = 3.8, P > 0.05). The age group 30 – 39 years had the highest prevalence of 73.3% followed by 50-59 years with 60% while 40-49 years had the least. The prevalence of malaria was found to be dependent of age group and the difference was found to be significant (χ2 cal = 9.581, χ2=1 tab = 12.9, P < 0.05). The highest prevalence of 66.7% was found among individuals using ITBNs occasionally followed by those that use it most of the time with 65% while the lowest prevalence was observed in those using ITBNs always. The distribution of infection according to Plasmodium species revealed that P. falciparum had the highest 33(64.8%), P. malariae 12(23.5%), P. ovale 6(11.8%) and P. vivax 0(0%). The findings from the study showed that malaria prevalence does not depend on socioeconomic status, but presence of risk factors that promote transmission. Therefore, it is highly recommended that individuals, communities and government at all levels should focus on preventive measures that predispose the population to infection with malaria parasites.
Key words: Malaria, prevalence, plasmodium, transmission, socioeconomic status, risk factors.