Issues in Scientific Research
Vol.1(1), pp.1-9, January 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/ISR/
Article 16/ID/SRJ02/ 09 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Ebola viral disease prevention: Perception of secondary school students in two districts in Anambra State, Nigeria
Nwabueze SA1, Amah CC2, *Azuike EC1,6, Anene JO3, Kadiri-Eneh NP4, Anameje OA5 and Akudu AC1.
1Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
2Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
3Department of Health, Anambra State Local Government Service Commission, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
4Department of Community Medicine, University of Portharcourt Teaching Hospital, Portharcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
5Deparment of Family Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
6Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria
*Corresponding Author Email:emmanazuike(at)yahoo.com
Ebola Viral disease (EVD) is caused by Ebola Virus. It is one of the Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers. It has a high fatality rate. Ebola virus belongs to the group of enveloped viruses that generally have high infection rate. This is because the lipid envelop helps them to enter easily into the host’s cells. EVD can be prevented by good hygiene. This is because the lipid envelop covering of the virus can easily be destroyed by some chemical and physical agents.This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Ebola viral disease prevention measures among secondary school students in Nnewi North and Nnewi South Local Government Areas in Anambra State. This study was done durig the last ebola outbreak in Nigeria. This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in 2 local government areas (Nnewi North and Nnewi South) in Anambra State, Nigeria. Multi stage sampling techniques was used. Four hundred questionnaires (200 per LGA) were included in the final analysis. A structured, pretested, self administered questionnaire was used in this study. Data was analysed using SPSS version 20.Out of the 200 respondents in Nnewi North, 73(36.5%) were males and 127(63.5%) were females. In Nnewi South, 104 (52.0%) were males while 96 (48.0%) were females. In Nnewi North, 190 (55.0%) have heard of EVD, but in Nnewi South 192 (96.0%) have heard of EVD. In Nnewi North 89.5% believed that drinking salt water would cure EVD, but in Nnewi South it was 78%. In Nnewi North 95.5% practice hand washing, while 96% practice same in Nnewi South.This study has demonstrated that almost all the students have heard of EVD. They equally had good knowledge of the preventive measures and practice them. However some misconceptions need to be corrected.
Key words: Knowledge, attitude, practice, ebola