International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.2 (12),pp. 238-249, December 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 15/ID/JPRH103/ 12 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Assessment of infant feeding patterns among nursing mothers in Aguata and Anaocha Local Government Areas in Anambra State, Nigeria
Nwabueze SA1, Azuike EC*1,2, Egenti BN3, Okafor KC5, Aniemena RC1,2, Udedibia IN1,2, Onyemachi PE4 and Amaechi AA1
1Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria.
2Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria.
3Department of Community Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.
4Department of Community Medicine, Abia state University, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria.
5Department of Public Health, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author Email:emmanazuike(at)yahoo.com
Infant feeding is the cornerstone in infant and childhood survival strategy. This study was carried out to determine infant feeding patterns in Aguata (urban) and Anaocha (rural) Local Government Areas (LGAs). This was a comparative cross sectional study of nursing mothers attending a child welfare clinic in Aguata and Anaocha LGAs. A total of 241 mother-infant dyads were interviewed (120 in Aguata and 121 in Anaocha) and the nutritional status of the infants was assessed. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 with a significance level set at p<0.05. The major source of information on infant feeding was from health workers in both LGAs (72.5% in Aguata and 90.1% in Anaocha). The majority of the mothers were still breastfeeding at the time of study (93.3% in Aguata and 95.4% in Anaocha). Majority of the mothers in both LGAs practised breast milk only when the child was less than 6 months (53.3% in Aguata and 79.3% in Anaocha). Using the WHO Z-score classification, majority of the infants in both LGAs had normal nutritional status (71.1% in Aguata and 76% in Anaocha had normal weight for age, 66.7% in Aguata and 51.2% in Anaocha had normal length for age, 62.5% in Aguata and 44.6% in Anaocha had normal weight for length).
Key words: Assessment, infant feeding practice.