International Research Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Vol.4 (2),pp. 13-22, May 2019
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJMBS/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
A silent killer in the Far North Region of Cameroon: Increasing prevalence of hypertension among Kaele dwellers
Françoise Raïssa Ntentie*1,2, Boris Ronald Tonou Tchuente2,3, Maxwell Wandji Nguedjo2,3, Gérald Dama1, Ousmane Mfopou Mboindi2, Boris Gabin Kingue Azantsa2, Judith Laure Ngondi2 and Enyong Julius Oben2
1Department of Earth and life Sciences, Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon.
2Laboratory of Nutrition and Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon.
3Centre for Food and Nutrition Research, Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plants study, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Yaounde, Cameroon.
*Corresponding Author Email : franc_ntentie(at)yahoo.fr
Hypertension (HTN) is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Its prevalence is still in perpetual increase worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of HTN among Kaele dwellers, in the Far North Region of Cameroon where less attention seems to be paid on awareness and sensitization against overnutrition related diseases. Two hundred and four participants were recruited during free health campaign on cardiovascular diseases organized from 10-15th February 2017 in Kaele. Anthropometric and clinical parameters (weight, height, waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure and heart rate) were measured. A blood sampling was collected for lipid profile analysis. HTN and sub-types were diagnosed according to World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions respectively meanwhile hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were diagnosed with IDF criteria. The overall prevalence of the HTN was 29.9%. Men were more affected than women (35% vs 22.6%, p<0.05). Participants aged between 50-59 years and > 60 years were more affected (p<0.05). Forty-one percent (41%) of the hypertensive subjects of the study had systo-diastolic sub-type of HTN meanwhile 36.1 % had isolated systolic HTN vs 23% with isolated diastolic HTN. Risk factors associated to HTN were : male gender (OR=2.236; p<0.05); absence of education (OR= 24.296; p<0.05); primary education level (OR=1.933; p<0.05); marital status “married” (OR=3.117; p<0.05), increased age (30-39, 50-59, and > 60 years, respectively with OR=4.113, p<0.05; OR=31.405, p<0.05 and OR=18.694, p<0.05), abdominal obesity (OR= 2.476 ; p<0.05) and low milky products consumption (OR=2.031, p<0.05). HTN is quite present in Kaele locality and many non-modifiable, modifiable and socio-economic risk factors significantly contributed to its development.
Key words: HTN, prevalence, risk factors, kaele, cameroon.