International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.3 (2), pp 93-103, February 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article ID/15/JPR007/11/ pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Impacts of irrigation water management on consumption indicators and exposure to the vector of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL) in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia
Issam Nouiri1*, Fraj Chemak2, Dorra Mansour1, Hédia Bellali3, Jamila Ghrab4, Jaber Baaboub5 and Mohamed Kouni Chahed3
1 National Institute of Agronomy of Tunisia (INAT), University of Carthage.
2National Institute for Agricultural Research of Tunisia (INRAT)
3Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunisia,
4Environnemental Sciences and Technologies Institute, Borj Cedria, Tunisia
5Health Ministry, Tunisia,
*Corresponding Author E-mail: inouiri(at)yahoo.fr
Tel +216 98 422 104
Irrigation water management is usually evaluated using technical, economic and environmental performances indicators. The impacts on human health were not decision maker’s priorities. This research objective is to analyze farmers’ behavior in two irrigated perimeters (IP) in Sidi Bouzid (Tunisia) and evaluates the risk of their exposing to Phlebotomus papatasi, the vector of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL). It is also aimed to assess the relationship between irrigation management and practices and the exposure risk. The used method is based on recording water use activity, the vector presence and the formulation of a parameter reflecting the simultaneous presence of both the farmer and the vector on the irrigated plots. Farmer opinions were assessment by a survey among almost 80% of them. Results showed in El Hichria IP that due to irrigation practices, farmers are exposed to the contact risk with the vector of ZCL. The Ouled Mhamed IP showed no exposure risk. In the first IP, it was demonstrated the increase of farmers’ exposure risk to ZCL from 2011 to 2013, linked to irrigation water management and not to water use. It is proven by the survey that water exportation outside this IP accentuates the exposure risk. Adopted solution by participatory discussions is the improvement of farmers’ welfare by increasing their income.
Key words: Water access, Irrigation, Farmer, ZCL, Phlebotomus papatasi, exposure risk, Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia