Issues in Business Management and Economics
Vol.2 (11), pp. 201-209, November 2014
Article ID /14/BM130/009/ pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Original Research Article
The review of Ghana’s legislative preparedness to critical national risks: Terrorism and money laundering
Ishmael Norman1, Blandina Martin Awiah1, Moses K. Aikins2 and Fred N. Binka3
1Institute for Security, Disaster and Emergency StudiesNYD 54/55 Sandpiper Place, Langma, C/R, Ghana.
2School of Public Health, P. O. Box LG 13 University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
3University of Health and Allied SciencesP. M. B. Ho 31, Volta Region, Ghana.
Corresponding Author Email: ishmael_norman(at)yahoo.com
We examined if the legal framework of Ghana and the Sub-region provided the mandate, finance and other resources to implement national policies against drug trafficking, money-laundering and terrorism. This study consisted of literature and documentary review of cases, legal writings from Ghana and other jurisdictions on the issue. To review respective nations law, the legislation from the different nations were disaggregated as national and international depending on the thrust of the law and the type of social conduct it purported to address. We also reviewed newspaper reports on substantiated cases involving trials for criminal wrongdoing to foster terrorism, drug trafficking or money laundering. We conducted the analyses of the pertinent material based on our skills. We found that the national and regional legal preparedness against drug-trafficking and money-laundering were ill-defined. Most especially, the legislative preparedness against terrorism is weaker. The new anti-terrorism legislation of Ghana and the sub-region also revealed another troubling observation: that the continent’s readiness to combat terrorism and money-laundering may not even exist on paper.The legislative framework provides little linkage of terrorism and narcotics threats to national security, national development and overall national emergency preparedness. Our recommendations would help inform policy.
Key words: National Security, Narcotics Drug Trafficking, Terrorism, Money-laundering, Legislation, Crisis Management, Ghana