International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (3),pp. 45-52, June 2019
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Assessment of municipal solid waste management system in Mbeya City Tanzania
Emmanuel Anosisye Mwangomo
Open university of Tanzania, Faculty of Science, Technology and Environmental Studies,Department of Environmental Studies, P.O.BOX 23409, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Author’s Email: emwangomo(at)gmail.com
Waste is anything which the holder discards or intents to or required to discard. So solid waste is any unwanted or discarded material that is not liquid or gas. The objectives of this study were to evaluate type and nature of wastes; estimate volumes of wastes generated; assessing handling, storage, transportation and disposal methods of waste and potential environmental impact. This study represents a few basic steps of municipal solid waste management practiced in the Mbeya City Council Tanzania. A six-month field study was conducted to identify the solid wastes management steps such as storage at source, separation, on-site storage, collection, transportation, treatment, reuse, recycling, and ultimate disposal. This study addresses the role of the city authority to meet the demand of the city dwellers in solving this emerging socio environmental issue and the initiatives taken by some nongovernmental organizations and community based organizations. The problems and constraints of the solid wastes management system are also identified to find a sustainable management concept for the urban areas of Tanzania. Rapid urbanization and population increase of Mbeya City creates a huge generation of MSW where by Mbeya City Council is unable to manage properly all the waste generated. Community of Mbeya City have to be fully involved to solve the problem of wastes generated.
Key words: Municipal solid waste, management systems, municipal area, tanzania.