International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.2 (1), pp.026-032, January 2014
Article 13/ID/ JPR102, 08 pages
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Original Research Paper
Effects of flood disasters on livelihood coping mechanism in Tolon/Kumbumgu district of northern region of Ghana
Accepted 4 November, 2013
Musah1*, B. A. N. and Akai,2 C. Y.
1Ministry of Food and Agriculture,P. O. Box 14Tamale, Ghana.
2Ministry of Food Agriculture, Ghana.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: +233(0)244738688/ +233(0)203050111
This research examines effects of livelihood coping mechanism in Tolon/Kumbungu District. The results of the analysis showed that flood occur on yearly-basis which affected farming, the main livelihood activity. Floods wreaked havoc on short to medium and long term livelihoods of the inhabitants. The short-term effect of floods included destruction of farmlands, soil erosion and pollution of drinking water and fisheries resources. In the medium-term, flood has its toll on food reserves in households which stretched hunger period from two to six months. The long-term effects of flood disaster include soil fertility which led to a bigger threat in food security within households in the district with a consequential effect on the Northern Region as a whole. With the absence of activities or weak alternative coping livelihood mechanisms to floods by households has led to the over reliance on support. Chi square test used to analyze the data on livelihood coping mechanism before and after flooding showed significance level or relationship of 0.001. The findings further showed that majority of household heads are male-dominated. This confirms what is believe in Muslim societies which happen to be the dominant religion in the study area. The District assembly in consultation with NADMO and MOFA should prepare and implement a disaster response plan for effective management of flood in the district. Ultimately, flood plain mapping and movement of victims from flood prone areas should be considered as a long term solution.
Key words: Floods, disasters, livelihoods, effects, coping mechanism, Tolon/Kumbungu, northern region and Ghana