International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.2 (2),pp. 23-26,February 2015
Article 14/ID/JPRH093/ 04 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Original Research Article
Composting of Areca nut leaf sheath and its effects on growth and biochemical contents of Vigna unguiculata L.
P. Uma Maheswari, M. Saranya, K. Agnes Nirmala and M. Kanchana
Department of Botany, PSGR Krishnammal College for Women Coimbatore – 641004, Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: kanchana74(at)gmail.com
Landfills and incineration have until now been the most widely used means of solid waste disposal throughout the world. The land filling of biodegradable waste is proven to contribute to the environmental degradation, mainly through the production of highly polluting leachate and methane gas. A large amount of Areca nut leaf sheath waste was dumped by the areca nut plate manufacturing industry. Thus the present investigation was carried out to find out the sustainable technology to make wealth out of waste. Therefore, five different composts were developed with the combinations of soil, areca nut waste, effective microbes, vermicompost and studied their nutrient value as an organic manure using Vigna unguiculata L. Several physicochemical parameters such as pH, C/N ratio, protein, carbohydrate, and chlorophyll are studied after compost maturation. Among five different combinations of compost, S4 (Areca nut + soil) compost shows the following parameters: pH: 5.4, C/N ratio (24.8:1), chlorophyll (3.002mg/g), carbohydrate (3.21µg/mg), and protein (13.95µg/mg).
Key words: Areca nut leaf sheath waste, organic recycling, Vigna unguiculata L.