International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.3 (5),pp. 91-95, May 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 16/ID/JPRH024/ 05 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Seroprevalence of Echinococcus granulosus in dogs in Southern China
Shenquan Liao1, Caixia Liu2, Zhihong Chen1, Dayou Shi3, Nanshan Qi1, Juan Li1, Jianfei Zhang1, Mingquan Xie1, Minna Lv1, Caiyan Wu1, Shining Guo3*and Mingfei Sun1*
1Institute for Animal Health, Guangdong Academy Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, P R China.
2Guangdong Academy Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, P R China.
3College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guang zhou 510640, P R China
A serological survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus infections in domestic dogs. Blood samples from 310 dogs (144 males and 66 females) in Fuzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Kunming, Nanchang, Guangzhou and Nanning in Southern China were examined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Overall seroprevalence of E. granulosus infection among these dogs was 2.58%. The prevalence in male dogs (five of 144, 3.47%) was higher than in female dogs (three of 166, 1.81%). The seroprevalence rate was 3.3% in dogs <1 year-old age group, 2.76% in the 1-4 year-old age group, and 1.35% in the >4 year-old age group. There was no significant difference observed in the sexes and age classes. However, this is a little surprising that E. granulosus seroprevalence was mainly on the coastal economy area (little herbivores) compared to the mountain cities (with sheep and cattle) in low endemic areas. To our knowledge, this is the firstly reported serological survey of anti-E. granulosus antibodies in Southern China to date.
Key words: Echinococcus granulosus, seroprevalence, China, dogs