International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.3 (6),pp. 112-119, June 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 16/ID/JPRH020/ 08 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Consequences of environmental characteristic from livestock and domestic wastes in wetland disposal on ground water quality in Lucknow (India)
A. Kumar1, V. Kumar2, N. Dhiman3*, A. Ojha4, P. Bisen5, A. Singh5, and Markandeya2, 5*
1Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad-826004, Jharkhand, India.
2Environmental Monitoring Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, M.G. Marg, Lucknow-226001, U.P., India.
3Analytical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, M.G. Marg, Lucknow-226001, U.P., India.
4Department of EHS, Leayan Global Private Limited, (RSPL Group), Kanpur-208012, U.P., India.
5Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow-226021, U.P., India.
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The objective of present research was to assess pH, chloride, alkalinity, hardness, nitrate, phosphate, sulphate and metals leaching to shallow groundwater and to quantify the impact of the sources. The complex array of potential point and nonpoint sources were divided into three major source areas representing liquid manure, dry manure and domestic waste in feed storage areas. An extensive shallow groundwater monitoring network (hand pumps and submersible pumps) was installed in three representative wetlands operations in the north Lucknow from summer, monsoon and winter season 2014. The range of observed nitrate and salinity levels was similar on all five dairies. Average concentration of phosphate, sulphate, alkalinity, chlorides, pH and hardness were higher in summer season (PO4; 0.15, SO4; 40.15, alkalinity; 351.80, chloride; 45.41, pH; 7.91, hardness 330.60 mg/L) whereas nitrate in monsoon season (NO3; 17.12 mg/L). The metals concentration was higher in winter season such as Cr; 0.0050, Zn; 0.0067, Cd; 0.0024, Pb; 0.0064, Fe; 0.8283, Mg; 1.6071, Co; 0.0037, Ni; 0.0258 mg/L whereas Cu; 0.0476, Mn; 0.0470 mg/L was higher in monsoon season in shallow groundwater. Concentrations of above metals were more than the concentration was found in control sample. Results concluded that leaching from those mismanagement areas, since manure-treated fields represent the extreme contaminated land area of the dairy, proper nutrient management will be a key to protecting groundwater quality in dairy regions overlying alluvial aquifers.
Key words: Ground water, season, metals leaching, wetlands, Lucknow