International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (1),pp. 1-6, January, 2019
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
An evaluation of the relation between air quality and hospital presentations due to respiratory tract diseases: A cross-sectional study
Zahide Koşan1, Duygu Kavuncuoğlu*1, Sinan Yılmaz1, Ahmet Sefa Bilici2 and Aysun Aras1
1Department of Public Health, Atatürk Üniversitesi, Erzurum, Turkey.
2Erzurum Provincial Health Directorate, Erzurum, Turkey.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: duygu_koylu(at)hotmail.com
Tel. +90 530 885 02 60
Air pollution is a major cause of respiratory tract diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between air quality levels and numbers of admissions to chest diseases clinics in Erzurum between July 2016 and July 2017. In this cross-sectional descriptive study, the mean 24 hour PM10, PM2.5 and SO2 data were obtained from T.R. Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning, Air Quality Monitoring Stations Website for 1 July 2016-30 June 2017. The numbers of patients hospitalized at chest diseases clinics at Aziziye and Palandöken were obtained from the Provincial Health Directorate. The descriptive statistics of the data are presented as median, minimum (min)-maximum (max) values and percentage. The Kruskal Wallis and Spearman Correlation tests were used for the analyses and statistical significance was considered at p<0.05. Median measurement values were PM10 54.1 (min: 28.9; max: 100.4), and SO2 11.2 (min: 5.2; max: 21.1). PM2.5 measurement was performed at only one station (Taşhan), with a median value of 61.6 (min:9, max: 546). Analysis of the relations between mean air pollution parameters in the four stations in Erzurum and examination of the numbers of hospitalizations and duration of hospital stay in the three chest clinics in the city center, revealed significant correlations between mean SO2 and mean days of hospitalization (r= 0.69; p=0.01), and between Taşhan PM2.5 values and numbers of patients hospitalized (r =0.64; p =0.02) and days of hospitalization (r= 0.58; p =0.54). Air quality in Erzurum is at levels that represent a severe health threat and affects presentations to chest diseases clinics.
Key words: Air pollution, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, respiratory tract diseases